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Sex Selection - the HFEA

Sex selection uk

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Business Plan: Your Financial Plan. The financial part of a business plan includes various financial statements that show where your company currently stands and where it expects to be in the near future. Uk? This information helps you determine how much financing your business needs and helps outsiders determine whether lending you money or investing in your business is a wise use of their funds. Lenders and investors will expect that you have invested your own money in full the firm to sex selection uk, demonstrate that you are committed to your idea and Essay, confident that your business will succeed. The amount of your own money you will need to sex selection uk, have invested in verbs the business compared to the amount you want to finance varies, but it usually ranges from sex selection 20% to 50%. You must also determine what type of queen elizabeth title, financing would be most suitable for your business. Banks offer several types of loans to businesses that do not present too much risk.

Do you need a short-term working capital loan to increase your inventory? Do you want a transaction loan, where you receive all the money at once, or a line of sex selection uk, credit, where you draw on law reform act malaysia funds as you need them? Do you need an intermediate-term loan to purchase larger assets such as real estate or equipment? Would you prefer revolving credit, which has a longer time frame than a line of credit and sex selection, allows you to in the lake woods, re-borrow funds that you have previously paid back? Or are you a high-risk business that needs to jump through the extra hoops required to sex selection, secure a government-backed Small Business Administration loan? (See Expanding Your Small Business with an Optimization, SBA Loan .) Structuring Your Financial Plan. Begin your financial plan with information on sex selection uk where your firm stands financially at the end of the most recent quarter what its financial situation has looked like historically. Then lay out Variational Minimax Optimization your goals with financial projections for the next three to sex selection uk, five years, depending on act malaysia what lenders or investors have asked for. These are called pro forma statements, and sex selection uk, they are based on your assumptions about how your business will perform. Media? Your one-year projections should be broken down by month, while your more distant projections can be broken down by year. Sex Selection? If your business plan is for the expansion of an existing business, your statements will be based on your business's existing financial data.

If your business is new, your statements will be speculative, but you can make them realistic by basing them on the published financial statements of cells, existing businesses similar to yours. If you cant find this data on your own or if it simply doesnt exist because your business concept is too unique or all similar companies are privately held, look for an accountant who has experience working with businesses similar to yours and sex selection uk, can help you create realistic financial projections. Three Key Financial Statements. In The Woods Sparknotes? Your financial plan should include three key financial statements: the income statement, the balance sheet and the cash flow statement. Uk? Let's look at what each statement is and why you need it.

The income statement, also called the profit and loss statement or PL, summarizes your company's revenue and expenses. Revenues are your company's sales and/or other sources of income (for example, a cleaning business earns revenues from the hourly or per-room or per-home fee that it charges its clients; a grocery store earns revenue from the foods and queen, other products and services it sells. Expenses include items such as the sex selection uk cost of goods sold (the money you spend buying produce, meat and dairy from finite and nonfinite verbs local farmers, for example) payroll for sex selection uk employees, payroll, sales and income taxes, business insurance and loan interest. The bottom line of the income statement shows the company's net income, or its revenue minus expenses. Lenders and investors want to know what kind of numbers your company is working with and whether your company is in the of the woods profitable or expects to be soon. (To learn more, read Understanding The Income Statement .) Balance Sheet.

The balance sheet shows your company's assets and liabilities. It's called a balance sheet because the assets must perfectly balance the liabilities. Uk? Within each category are numerous subcategories. For example, your assets will include cash, accounts receivable, inventory and equipment. Your liabilities will include accounts payable, wages and and nonfinite, salaries, taxes, rent and utilities, and loan balances.

The balance sheet is important because it shows the company's financial position at a specific point in uk time, and Variational Minimax Essay, it compares what you own to sex selection uk, what you owe. (For more information, see Reading The Balance Sheet .) Cash Flow Statement/Cash Budget. The cash flow statement shows the sums you expect to be coming into and going out of your business in a given time frame. Topics you'll need to law reform marriage and divorce, examine to sex selection uk, predict cash flow include sales forecasts, cash receipts vs. credit receipts and the time frame for collecting accounts receivable. How much will these expenses be, and how often will you need to pay them? Will you have trade credit, and how long will you have to verbs, pay your suppliers?

Cash flow statements not only show potential investors that you know what you're doing, they also help you to make sure your business model is sex selection financially viable and to establish goals that you want to achieve. (For more on this subject, check out What Is A Cash Flow Statement? and The Essentials Of Cash Flow .) Your financial statements should show both a long- and short-term vision for marriage and divorce your business. Uk? In business plans, three-year and five-year projections are considered long term, and your plan will be expected to cover at least three years. Your projections should be neither overly optimistic best-case scenarios, nor overly cautious worst-case scenarios, but realistic in-between projections that you can support. Dont commit the common error of making hockey-stick projections that predict sudden, sharp growth thats a classic way to look like an culture, amateur. (For further reading, see What You Need To Know About Financial Statements and our in-depth Financial Statements Tutorial .) Lenders may want your statements presented in a certain way, so ask before you draw them up. Sex Selection? A bank, for example, may want to see monthly projections for media the first year, quarterly projections for the second year and annual projections for the third year.

In addition to financial statements for your company, if you are a new business, you may need to provide personal financial statements for each owner. These statements should list each owners assets, such as checking and savings account balances, stocks and bonds, retirement account balances and home equity, as well as liabilities such as mortgages, student loans, taxes owed and other debts. When you put together your financial statements, make sure there are absolutely no typos or mistakes in your calculations. If you are inexperienced in preparing these statements, hire an accountant to sex selection, help you. And Divorce Act Malaysia? Even if you and uk, all of your business partners know exactly what you are doing, you may still want to hire an Optimization, unbiased, outside professional to sex selection, check your work and give you a second opinion on law reform and divorce whether your projects are realistic. You don't want to be blindsided by mistakes or problems in your financial statements when a potential lender or investor reviews your proposal. What You Can Learn from sex selection uk Your Financial Statements. While the financial statements are helpful in and of themselves, the stem media data they contain can also be used to sex selection, calculate financial ratios such as gross profit margin, return on investment and return on owner's equity. Ratios provide helpful information about a company's liquidity, profitability, debt, operating performance, cash flow and investment valuation. Elizabeth Title? (Learn more about sex selection, financial ratios in our Financial Ratio Tutorial .) Additional Financial Information. In addition to financial statements, prospective lenders or investors will also want to see a sales forecast and, if your business will have employees, a personnel plan.

The sales forecast is a chart that breaks down how much your business expects to sell in various categories by month (for the next year) and by year (for the following two to four years). And Nonfinite Verbs? For a cleaning service business, the uk sales forecast might list one-time cleanings, monthly cleaning contracts and queen elizabeth full, annual cleaning contracts and further break those down by houses, condos, apartment units, entire apartment buildings and office buildings. For a grocery store, the sales forecast might list projected sales of fruits, vegetables, dairy, meat, seafood, packaged goods and hot prepared meals. If your business sells a product, your sales forecast should include the cost of goods sold. Sex Selection? If your business will have employees and not just managers, you will need a personnel plan showing what types of employees you will have (for example, cashiers, butchers, drivers, stockers and cooks along with what they will cost in yanomami terms of salary and wages, health insurance, retirement plan contributions, workers compensation insurance, unemployment insurance, and Social Security and Medicare taxes. Use of Loan or Investment Capital.

Youve made a strong case for your business idea, its viability and your ability to sex selection uk, execute it. Stem Media? So how, exactly, do you plan to use any money that lenders or investors offer you? Theyll want to sex selection uk, know. If youre requesting a $100,000 loan, for example, you might break that down into the amount that will go toward equipment such as cash registers, shelving and refrigerated display cases; purchasing inventory; and carrying out your marketing campaign. If youre seeking capital to expand your business, you might show how much you plan to spend on remodeling or adding store locations. Proposed Repayment Schedule or Exit Strategy. Potential lenders will want to know how and media, when you intend to repay the loan or line of sex selection uk, credit, so you should put together a proposed repayment schedule and terms. They may not agree with your suggestion, but offering proposed terms shows that you are considering the loan from the lender's perspective.

Also describe what collateral is available to secure the loan, such as inventory, accounts receivable, real estate, vehicles or equipment. Be aware that lenders do not count the full value of your collateral, and culture, each lender may count a different percentage. Potential investors will want to know when their investment will pay off and how much of a return to expect. They will also want to see that you have an exit strategy to cash out on your investment and theirs. Do you plan to sex selection uk, sell the business outright to another individual or company?

Hold an initial public offering and go public? What will your exit strategy be if the business is failing? At what point have you determined that you will cut your losses and stem cells media, sell or close down, and how will you repay investors if this happens? (See Top Exit Strategy Tips for uk Small Businesses and A Look At Exit Strategies .) Remember, no one has to lend you any money or invest in your company, and when they are considering doing so, they will be comparing the cells media risk and return of uk, working with you to the risk and Optimization, return they could get from lending to sex selection, or investing in other companies. Verbs? You have to convince them that your business is the most promising option.

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Reservation System in India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions. Reservation System in uk, India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions! Reservation in common terms refers to an act of reserving, keeping back or withholding. Reservation in the Indian Context : Reservation in Indian law is a form of affirmative action whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the public sector units, union and state civil services, union and state government departments and in all public and private educational institutions, except in the religious/ linguistic minority edu­cational institutions, for yanomami the socially and educationally backward communities and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes who are inadequately represented in these services and institutions. The reserva­tion policy is also extended for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for representation in sex selection uk, the Parliament of India.

The underlying theory for the provision of reservation by the state is the under-representation of the identifiable groups as a legacy of the Indian caste system. After India gained independence, the Constitution of India listed some erstwhile groups as Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). The framers of the Constitution believed that, due to the caste system, SCs and the STs were historically oppressed and denied respect and equal opportunity in Indian society and were thus under-represented in sparknotes, nation-building activities. The Constitution laid down 15% and 7.5% of vacan­cies to government aided educational institutes and for jobs in the government/public sector, as reserved quota for the SC and ST candidates respectively for a period of sex selection, five years, after which the situation was to be reviewed. After introducing the provision for reservation once, it got related to vote bank politics and finite the following governments and the Indian Parliament routinely extended this period, without any free and fair revisions. Sex Selection Uk. Later, reservations were introduced for other sections as well. The Supreme Court ruling that reservations cannot exceed 50% (which it judged would violate equal access guaranteed by the Constitution) has put a cap on reservations. The central government of India reserves 27% of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Reservation in most states is at 50%, but certain Indian states like Rajasthan have proposed a 68% reservation that includes a 14% reservation for forward castes in services and education.

However, there are states laws that exceed this 50% limit and these are under litigation in the Supreme Court. For example, the caste-based reservation fraction stands at 69% and is applicable to Minimax Optimization Essay about 87% of the population in the state of Tamil Nadu. Arguments Offered By Supporters of Reservation : a. Reservations are a political necessity in India. b. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the quality of sex selection uk, education but still Affirmative Action has helped many if not everyone from in the lake of the woods under-privileged and/or under-represented communities to grow and occupy top positions in the worlds leading industries. c. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the quality, they are needed to provide social justice to the most marginalized and underprivileged which is their human right.

d. Meritocracy is meaningless without equality. First all people must be brought to the same level, whether it elevates a section or decelerates another, regardless of merit. e. Reservations have only slowed down the process of Forward becoming richer and sex selection uk backward becom­ing poorer. Arguments Offered by Anti-Reservationists : a. Intellectuals and Philanthropists agree that reservations will divide India Reservation is similar to internal partition because in addition to being a form of ethnic discrimination, it also builds walls against inter-caste and inter-faith marriages. Vast majority of and divorce, voters are discriminating against a newly created minority. b. Uk. Reservations are the biggest enemy of meritocracy.

By offering reservation through relaxed entry criteria, we are fuelling inflation of moderate credentials as opposed to the promotion of merit based education system, which is the foundation of many progressive countries. Meritocracy should not be polluted by injecting relaxation of entry barriers, rather should be encouraged by offering financial aids to the underprivileged although deserving candidates only. Today the NTs and IIMs hold a high esteem in the global scenario due to their conservation of merit. c. Caste Based Reservation only marriage, perpetuates the notion of sex selection, caste in society, rather than weakening it as a factor of social consideration, as envisaged by the constitution. Cells Media. Reservation is a tool to meet narrow political ends.

d. Affirmative Action can be provided at a more comprehensive level taking into account various factors of exclusion such as caste, economic conditions, gender, kind of schooling received etc. A comprehensive scheme of Affirmative Action would be more beneficial than reservations in addressing concerns of social justice. e. Allocating quotas is sex selection uk a form of discrimination which is contrary to the right to law reform act malaysia equality. f. There is great confusion in the pro-reservation camp. While they clamour for 33% reservation for women in parliament and state legislatures [and do not accept caste quotas as part of womens quotas], they do not want special consideration for women in quotas in higher education. This is implicit acceptance of the fact that there are multiple factors of exclusion and discrimination at work in society. g. The policy of reservation has never been subject to a widespread social or political audit.

Before extending reservation to uk more groups, the entire policy needs to be properly examined, and its ben­efits over a span of nearly 60 years have to be gauged. h. Poor people from forward castes do not have any social or economical advantage over rich people from backward caste. i. Combination of factors like Wealth, Income, and queen Occupation etc will help to uk identify real needy people. Most often, only the economically sound people make use of most of the seats reserved for back­ward castes, thus making the aim a total failure. j. Media. There is fear that reservation once introduced will never be withdrawn even if there is a proof for sex selection uk upliftment of backward classes, due to media political issues. For example, in Tamil Nadu, forward castes were able to secure only 3% of total seats (and 9% in uk, Open Competition) in professional institutions at Undergraduate level as against their population percentage of 13%.

This is a clear case of reverse discrimination. k. Many cite the Mandal Commission report while supporting the idea of reservations. Queen. According to the Mandal commission, 52% of the sex selection Indians belong to OBC category, while according to National Sample Survey 1999-2000, this figure is only 36% (32% excluding Muslim OBCs). l. This policy of the government has already caused increase in brain drain and may aggravate further. Under graduates and graduates will start moving to foreign universities for higher education. Committees and Commissions on the Issue of finite verbs, Reservation : a. 1882 Hunter Commission was appointed. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule made a demand of free and compulsory education for all along with proportionate reservation/representation in government jobs.

b. 1953-Kalelkar Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward class. The report was accepted as far as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were concerned. The recommendations for OBCs were rejected. c. Sex Selection Uk. 1979-Mandal Commission was established to assess the culture situation of the uk socially and educationally backward. The commission didnt have exact figures for a sub-caste, known as the Other Backward Class (OBC), and used the 1930 census data, further classifying 1,257 communities as backward, to queen elizabeth full estimate the sex selection OBC population at 52%.ln 1980, the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5%.ln 1990, the Mandal commission recommendations were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh. Queen Full Title. Student Organisations launched nationwide agitations. Rajiv Goswami, a Delhi university student attempted self-immolation. Many students followed suit.

d. 2003- The Sachar Committee headed by sex selection, Justice Rajinder Sachar, and including Sayyid Hamid, Dr. T.K. In The Lake Woods Sparknotes. Ooman, M.A. Basith, Dr.Akhtar Majeed, Dr.Abu Saleh Shariff and Dr.Rakesh Basant was appointed for preparation of a report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community of India. Dr.Syed Zafar Mahmood was the civil servant appointed by the PM as Officer on Special Duty to the Committee.

The committee submitted its report in the year 2006. Implementation of Sachar Committee Recommendations: Marching Towards Inclusive Growth: Welfare of Minorities, specially of the underprivileged section of sex selection, them, has been put high on the agenda of the UPA Government ever since it adopted inclusive growth as its guiding principle of governance. Otherwise too, in every meaningful democracy, its the duty of the cells media state, and as a corollary, responsibility of the majority community to ensure the welfare of minorities so that all sections of the society feel proud to be part of the uk democratic setup and thus contribute their best to culture the development of the nation. Specially in our historical context: where all communities and sections of people had marched shoulder to shoulder and laid down their lives in sex selection uk, the War of Variational Optimization Essay, Independence, the concept of Inclusive Growth becomes sine qua non for the roadmap of devel­opment and progress. It was in this context that the Prime Minister, Dr.

Manmohan Singh, had appointed in March 2005 a High Level Committee under the sex selection Chairmanship of queen elizabeth title, Justice Rajindar Sachar to prepare a report on social, economic and educational status of the Muslim Community of India. This study was necessary because till then there was no authentic information on the social, economic and educational backwardness, of this community, thereby hampering proper formulation and implementation of specific policies, interventions and programmes to sex selection address the law reform and divorce issues relating to its socio-economic backwardness. This 7-member High Level Committee, popularly known as Sachar Committee, gave its report in November 2006 and it clearly found that the Muslim community was really seriously lagging behind in uk, terms of queen elizabeth title, most of the human development indicators. The Government immediately sensed the gravity of the problem and started working on the follow-up action in right earnest. Of the 76 recommendations of the Committee, 72 were accepted. Ministry of Minority Affairs being the sex selection uk Nodal Ministry for examining these recommendations. And in finite verbs, less than a year, i.e., on 31 August, 2007 a statement on the follow-up action taken on the recommendations of the uk Sachar Committee was laid in both Houses of Parliament.

The progress of implementation is being reviewed regularly. Ever since the Government has been taking regular steps towards implementation of major recommendations of the Sachar Committee. Education being the most powerful means of socio­economic transformation, a multi-pronged strategy to address the queen title educational backwardness of the Muslim community, as brought out by the Sachar Committee, has been adopted. The Madrasa modernization programme has been revised to make it more attractive by providing better salary to teachers, increased assistance for books, teaching aids and computers, and introduction of sex selection uk, vocational subjects, etc. This scheme, now known as Quality Improvement in Variational, Madrasa Education, has been launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. A new centrally sponsored scheme of uk, financial assistance for Infrastructure Development of Privately Managed Elementary/Secondary/Senior Secondary schools set up for minorities has been launched. National Council of Educational Research and queen elizabeth full title Training (NCERT) has prepared text books for all classes in the light of the sex selection uk National Curriculum Framework-2005. Thirteen universities have been provided Rs.40 lakh each for starting centers for studying social exclusion and inclusive policy for minorities and scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Queen Full Title. Under the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme (KGBV), criteria of educational backward blocks has been revised with effect from 1st April 2008 to cover blocks with less than 30% rural female literacy and in urban areas with less than national average of female literacy 53.67 % (Census 2001).

Universalization of uk, access to quality education at secondary stage (SUCCESS) has been approved. Setting up of new Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) is being incorporated in the revised schemes by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Provision of more girls hostels in in the sparknotes, colleges and uk universities in cells, minority concentration districts/blocks is proposed under the existing University Grants Commission scheme of the Ministry of HRD. Three scholarship schemes for minority communities viz., Pre-Matric, Post-Matric and Merit- cum-Means were launched and 6.89 lakh scholarships were awarded to students belonging to minority communities in 2008-09. Sex Selection Uk. The corpus of Maulana Azad Education Foundation, which stood at Rs. 100 crores, was doubled to Rs. 200 crores in December, 2006. The corpus was increased by Rs. 50 crores in queen elizabeth, 2007-08 and by Rs. 60 crore in uk, 2008-09. A budget provision of Rs.115 crore has been made in 2009-10.

A revised Coaching and Allied scheme was launched and 5522 candidates belonging to minority communities were provided assistance in 2008-09. The Multi-sectoral Development Programme was launched in identified minority concentration districts in 2008-09. Plans of 47 Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Bihar, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Andaman Nicobar Islands and Orissa were approved and Rs.270.85 crores were released in 2008-09. In the current Financial Year. Plans of more than a dozen more MCDs have been approved till date.

An inter-ministerial Task Force constituted to devise an appropriate strategy and law reform and divorce action plan for developing 338 identified towns, having substantial minority population, rapidly in a holistic manner submitted its report on 8th November, 2007. The concerned Ministries/Departments have been advised to sex selection give priority towards implementation of their schemes in 338 towns. Economic factor being an important tool in culture, the upliftment of a community, all public sector banks have been directed to open more branches in districts having a substantial minority population. In 2007-08, 523 branches were opened in such districts. In 2008-09, 524 new branches were opened. Reserve Bank of sex selection, India revised its Master Circular on 5th July, 2007 on priority sector lending for of the improving credit facilities to sex selection uk minority communities. Rs 82864 crore were provided to minorities under priority sector lending during 2008-09. District Consultative Committees (DCCs) of lead banks have been directed to regularly monitor disposal and rejection of loan applications from minorities. The Government has accorded in principle approval for restructuring of marriage act malaysia, National. Minorities Development and Finance Corporation: A National Data Bank, to compile data on the various socio-economic and basic amenities parameters for socio-religious communities, has been set up in uk, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

An autonomous Assessment Monitoring Authority (AMA), to law reform and divorce analyse data collected for taking appropriate and corrective policy decisions, has been set up in the Planning Commission. A training module has been developed by the Indian Institute of Public Administration, for uk sensitization of government officials. The module has been sent to the Central/ State Training Institutes for implementation. Lai Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) has prepared a module for sensitization of stem media, organized civil services and sex selection uk it has been incorporated in their training programmes. Under Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and culture Medium Towns (UIDSSMT), additional central assistance of Rs 1602.20 crore has been sanctioned for uk 69 towns having substantial minority population, out of which Rs.659.37 crore was released in 2008-09. A High Level Committee, set up to review the Delimitation Act, has considered the concerns expressed in the Sachar Committee report and submitted its report. Guidelines on Communal Harmony have been issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs. And Nonfinite Verbs. Dissemination of information regarding health and family welfare schemes is being undertaken in regional languages in minority concentration areas.

State Governments and UTs have been advised by Department of Personnel Training for posting of Muslim police personnel in thanas and Muslim health personnel and teachers in Muslim concentration areas. State Governments have been advised by Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Urban Development, to improve representation of minorities in local bodies. The recommendations of the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on Wakfs have been received. Sex Selection. These have been processed as per approved modalities. An expert group constituted to study and recommend the structure and functions of an Equal Opportunity Commission submitted its report on 13th March, 2008. This has been processed, along with the report of the expert group on verbs, diversity index, as per the approved modalities. To meet the ever growing need for ameliorating the condition of minorities, and Muslim community in particular, the Annual Plan allocation for the Ministry of Minority Affair is uk has been increased substantially to Rs 1,740 crore for the year 2009-10. The issue of culture, reservation has remained a cause of disagreement between the reserved and the non- reserved sections of the society. While the unreserved segments, keep on opposing the provision, the neediest sections from within the reserved segments are hardly aware about how to get benefited from the provision or even whether there are such provisions. On the contrary, the uk creamy layer among the same segment is enjoying special privileges in the name of reservation and political factions are supporting them for vote banks. Reservation is no doubt good, as far as it is cells a method of appropriate positive discrimination for the benefit of the sex selection uk downtrodden and economically backward Sections o, the society but when it tends to queen elizabeth full title harm the society and sex selection uk ensures privileges for some at Optimization, the cost of others for narrow political ends, as it is in sex selection, the present form, it should be done away with, as soon possible.

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The 25 Most Powerful TV Shows of the Last 25 Years. TV doesnt get much respect. It rots your brain and uk, grows couch potatoes. But the and nonfinite verbs so-called idiot box also swings elections, rewires brains, snares criminals, and even sways the Supreme Court. The following may not be the best shows of the last 25 yearsin fact, some are among the worstbut their impact reaches far beyond the living room. 1. Tropikanka: The Show That Won a Presidential Election. As Russians were gearing up to go to the polls in July 1996, Boris Yeltsin was nervous about sex selection uk his job. The weather gave him additional reason to panic. Variational Minimax? With the sex selection uk sun shining and the temperatures pleasant, Yeltsin fretted that his city-dwelling supporters would decamp to their dachas, or country cottages, instead of staying home and voting. Russias president needed a way to keep his base from traveling.

His solution: a cunning use of soap opera. No show was more popular in Russia than the and divorce Brazilian morality soap Tropikanka , which regularly drew 25 million viewers to the state-owned network ORT. With the sex selection uk election looming, ORT made a surprise announcement: The shows finale would air as a special triple episode on stem cells, election day between 8 a.m. and 11 a.m. More amazing was the uk fact that the in the lake scheme actually worked. Because most dachas didnt have televisions, viewers stayed in the city, glued to their sets.

When the episode ended, it was too late to trek out of town, but voters still had time to get to the polling station. Yeltsins soap opera strategy helped him prevail by more than 10 million votes. Sex Selection Uk? Meanwhile, The Young and the Restless cant even sway a lousy Senate race. 2. Melrose Place: The Show That Turned Prime Time Into an Minimax Optimization, Art Gallery. You probably remember Melrose Place as a vapid, if enjoyable, look at a Los Angeles apartment complex. But the show had more depth than anyone realized.

Starting in 1996, the program served as a highly visible billboard for up-and-coming artists. Melrose s foray into the art world was masterminded by conceptual artist Mel Chin. As Chin told the Los Angeles Times in 1997, Everyone criticizes television, but nobody tries to sex selection, intervene to give it the meaning it lacks. Chin founded the GALA Committee to Essay, do just that. When Chin approached Melrose set decorator Deborah Siegel with the uk idea of dressing the show in full title avant-garde works, she immediately approved. Together the GALA Committee and Siegel collected pieces from artists around the country and worked them into the show. Each time viewers tuned in for sex selection, a little trashy fun, they got a hidden dose of culture. Some of the art was surprisingly subversive. Most famously, when Courtney Thorne-Smiths character was struggling with an unplanned pregnancy, she spent two episodes hunkered down in a comfy quilt. Elizabeth? A closer look revealed it wasnt just a pretty patternit was also the molecular structure of the abortion drug RU-486. The art world, for its part, embraced the exposure, and in 1997, the Melrose Place pieces were displayed in uk their own show at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. 3. The Simpsons: The Show That Changed How We Talk.

You dont need to turn on the TV to hear The Simpsons . Just chat with pretty much anyone. As University of Pennsylvania linguistics professor Mark Liberman wrote in 2005, The Simpsons has apparently taken over from Shakespeare and the Bible as our cultures greatest source of idioms, catchphrases, and sundry other textual allusions. Libermans assertion sounds crazyat least until you remember theres a Milhouse quote for every occasion. Even the hulking gatekeeper of the Variational language, the Oxford English Dictionary, has found a spot for Homer Simpsons trademark Doh! Mmmm linguistic acceptance. 4. Americas Most Wanted: The Show That Cleaned Up Americas Streets.

America's Most Wanted has helped capture over 1,100 fugitives since its debut in sex selection 1988. 5. The Theorists: The Show That Made Us Respect Belaruss Actors. Its no secret that television hits get licensed and remade around the culture globe. So when audiences in Belarus got their own knockoff of sex selection uk The Big Bang Theory in 2010, nothing seemed out of place. Like its American counterpart, The Theorists depicted the adventures of four lovably geeky scientists living next door to a beautiful waitress. There was just one problem. Although the elizabeth show was basically a shot-for-shot remake of the American original, Belaruss version was unlicensed. When Big Bang Theory co-creator Chuck Lorre discovered the theft, he learned he couldnt sue because Belaruss government owned the production company. With no other recourse, Lorre chided the plagiarists in a title card, joking that he hoped Belarus would at uk, least break down and send us some felt hats. As it turned out, Lorre didnt need to barter. When news broke that the show had never been licensed, the actors were mortifiedtheyd been told it was a legitimate production.

Rather than continue to star in a rip-off, they protected their integrity by cells walking off the set. Sex Selection? Left without a cast, the producers had no choice but to cancel The Theorists . Lake Sparknotes? The next time we need a scrupulous Eastern European actor, we know where to look. 6. Glee: The Show That Boosted the Record Industry. FOX scored a sleeper hit with the musical series Glee in 2009. But the shows real impact came between airings. As the rest of the record industry flailed, the Glee recordings found staggering success on iTunes. Sex Selection? By the end of 2011, the cast had sold more than 11 million albums and another 36 million single tracks. Meanwhile, the casts 2011 concert tour grossed more than $40 million. Forget garage bandsaspiring stars should be shooting garage teen dramas! 7. De Grote Donorshow: The Show That Became an Organ Donor. This 2007 reality shows horrifying premise: Three patients in verbs need of a kidney compete for the organs of sex selection a terminally ill woman, with the dying woman picking the winner, using input from viewer text messages.

The show drew an avalanche of criticism before it aired. What could be more twisted than making sick people duke it out for finite verbs, vital organs as TV entertainment? Worse still, who thought that letting the same TV audiences that can barely be trusted to pick the next American Idol make such a harrowing decision? Dutch health officials vehemently condemned the show and attempted to block its airing to no avail. Like many reality shows, De Grote Donorshow had a twist ending. Near the end of the sex selection program, presenters revealed that the act malaysia show was a hoax to sex selection, draw attention to Netherlandss shortage of organ donors. The terminally ill woman was a healthy actress.

And while the three contestants really did need kidneys, they were in on the stunt to help publicize the problem. BNNs chairman admitted the gimmick was tasteless but said, [W]e think the reality is even more shocking and tasteless. Crass or not, the effort worked: A day after the airing, 43,000 viewers requested forms to yanomami, become organ donors. 8. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Show That Rewired Kids Brains. In 2011, Nickelodeons favorite anthropomorphic sponge came under fire when a University of Virginia study showed that SpongeBob was hurting kids ability to perform basic tasks. The research involved a group of sex selection 60 4-year-olds who were asked to spend nine minutes watching an Variational Minimax, educational cartoon, watching SpongeBob, or coloring. Sex Selection? Kids who watched SpongeBob scored significantly worse in tests involving solving puzzles, delaying gratification, and following instructions. The conclusion: rapidly paced TV with quick scene changes had a clear cognitive effect on elizabeth, children. When the uk mainstream media picked up on yanomami culture, the research, it decried the sex selection uk shows mind-melting powers.

Nickelodeon fired back that SpongeBob was intended for older kids, not preschoolers. One of the studys authors even attempted to defend SpongeBob, pointing out queen elizabeth full title, that it was just one of many fast-paced cartoons. Her other line of defense was less helpful: She speculated that the program was particularly taxing for kids brains because it contained unfamiliar situations, like a talking sponge wearing square trousers. Whats worse, if you ask us, is how it deludes children into thinking they could someday live in a pineapple under the uk sea. 9. Variational Minimax Optimization Essay? Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Show That Saved a Genre. In the 1980s, hour-long action shows were designed to lose money in their early seasons. Many lost as much as $600,000 per episode before recouping the shortfall with nine-figure syndication deals. But by uk 1987, action reruns had stopped matching the ratings of their comedic counterparts.

As rich syndication contracts dried up, so did networks enthusiasm for dropping big money on yanomami culture, explosions and uk, gunfire. Given that climate, even surefire hits like Paramounts Star Trek spin-off couldnt generate interest from the major channels. Undeterred, Paramount produced the series anyway and cobbled together its own group of local affiliates who agreed to broadcast the show. When Star Trek: The Next Generation debuted in October 1987, more than 50 ABC, NBC, and title, CBS affiliates preempted their networks programming to air the two-hour premiere. Cash motivated this unprecedented defection. When local affiliates preempt their networks programming, they get to keep all of the ad revenue from the show rather than share it with the network. Paramount gave episodes of The Next Generation to the affiliates for free, but with a catch. Each hour-long show included 12 minutes of sex selection uk ads. Title? Stations could sell five of those minutes and keep the loot; the remaining seven belonged to Paramount.

The deal was incredibly profitable for sex selection uk, everyone involved. At a time when most 30-second commercials sold for $30,000, The Next Generation s strong ratings let Paramount and its affiliates command $115,000. The studio responded by investing more heavily in the show to yanomami culture, keep it at sex selection uk, the top of the lake woods sparknotes pile. By 1992, each episode had a $2 million budgetnearly double that of a normal network dramayet it was still one of TVs most lucrative shows, pulling in $90 million a year in ad revenue for Paramount alone. Other studios noticed Paramounts 40 percent return on investment from its network-bypassing model and quickly jumped into the fray with shows like Renegade and uk, Xena: Warrior Princess . By boldly going where no show had gone before, Star Trek: The Next Generation made TV safe for law reform marriage and divorce, action again. 10. Curb Your Enthusiasm: The Show That Improvised Justice. In 2003, 24-year-old machinist Juan Catalan faced the death penalty for allegedly shooting a key witness in a murder case.

Catalan told police that he couldnt have committed the crimehe was at uk, a Los Angeles Dodgers game at the time. Culture? He had the ticket stubs and everything! When police didnt buy his alibi, Catalan contacted the Dodgers, who pointed him to uk, an unlikely hero: misanthropic comedian Larry David. Variational Optimization? On the day in uk question, David had been filming an episode of Curb Your Enthusiasm in marriage Dodger Stadium. It was a long shot, but maybe Catalan could be seen in the background. When his attorney watched the sex selection uk outtakes, it took just 20 minutes to find shots of Catalan and his daughter chowing down on ballpark dogs while watching from the stands. Thanks to the footage, Catalan walked free after five months behind bars.

And Larry David found one more thing to in the of the woods sparknotes, be self-deprecating about. I tell people that Ive done one decent thing in my life, albeit inadvertently, joked David. 11. Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Show That Spawned An Academic Discipline. The TV sets in uk the ivory towers only lake have bunny ears for one show: Joss Whedons Buffy the Vampire Slayer . The series has been so endlessly dissected and deconstructed by scholars that its formed its own loose academic discipline, Buffy Studies. It even has its own peer-reviewed academic journal, Slayage, giving new meaning to the phrase publish or perish. Our favorite scholarship from Slayage: Buffy the Vampire Disciplinarian: Institutional Excess and the New Economy of sex selection uk Power

I Hear Its Best to Play Along: The Poststructuralist Turn in Buffy the Vampire Slayer Its Bloody Brilliant: The Undermining of Metanarrative Feminism in the Season Seven Arc Narrative of Buffy Someone to Sink Your Teeth Into: Gendered Biting Patterns on in the of the woods, Buffy the Vampire SlayerA Quantitative Analysis 12. Friends: The Show That Launched a One-Hit Wonder. Before Friends hit the air in 1994, Natalie Merchant and R.E.M. both turned down the chance to uk, record a theme song written by the shows musical director. Sparknotes? The Rembrandts, however, jumped at the opportunity. As Danny Wilde, front man for the California band, said, We thought, Why not? Nobody will even know it was us, anyway. To the sex selection bands surprise, when Friends aired, fans inundated radio stations with requests for Ill Be There for You. But the track was never a proper songit was just a 45-second slice of infectious pop. A Nashville radio station solved the problem by queen full title looping the jingle for three minutes.

The stitched-together tune shot up the charts. When the Rembrandts record label pressured them to cut an extended version of the song, they grudgingly obeyed. It was a smart move. The rerecorded single spent 11 straight weeks at the top of the uk charts and helped move more than two million copies of law reform their album. The group admits that its frustrating being known for a song it didnt write, but theres an sex selection, upside to being a well-televised one-hit wonder: The Rembrandts receive performance royalties every time a Friends rerun airs.

13. CSI: The Show That Gave D.A.s Headaches. By 2006, 70 million Americans were tuning into CSI or one of its two spin-offs each week. That became a real problem for prosecutors. As the shows popularity grew, jurors started expecting the full CSI treatment in every trial. But in the vast majority of cases, police dont need CSI-type technology to collar the perpetrator. The tests are expensive and can take weeks, and they tax already overworked crime labs. Circumstantial evidence and eyewitness accounts, on the other hand, can be just as damning for far less money. Most of the evidence is anecdotal, but prosecutors insist that the CSI effect has raised jurors interest in high-tech forensic methods and stem cells media, led to undeserved acquittals. A study by Michigan judge Donald E. Shelton even discovered that investigators were doing unnecessary tests just to make it look like they were giving crime scenes a CSI-level scouring.

Real or not, prosecutors fear the effect could cost them an important verdict. Some attorneys now ask potential jurors whether theyre fans of the show as theyre determining who to weed out during jury selection. 14. How I Met Your Mother: The Show That Revolutionized Product Placement. In July 2011, something strange happened on uk, a rerun of How I Met Your Mother . Although the episode airing in and divorce syndication had been shot in 2006, a poster in one of the scenes was eerily modern: It was pushing Bad Teacher , a movie that had been in theaters only a few weeks. Sex Selection Uk? Did Neil Patrick Harris have a time machine? The bizarrely prescient ad was the work of SeamBI, a company that has craftily elevated the practice of product placement by digitally inserting new ads into old scenes of syndicated shows. Currently, the company tends to insert posters and stem, billboards as set dressing, but its vision doesnt end there.

SeamBI plans to slice and dice markets so that your television does what the Web has been doing for yearshelp advertisers target very specific geographic areas. Sex Selection? Viewers in New York, for instance, might see a Manhattan-based billboard on an old sitcom, while Delaware viewers could see a completely different one while watching the exact same show. As Entertainment Weekly pointed out, the scheme makes syndicated shows even more profitable, with How I Met Your Mother opening the in the lake of the floodgates to sex selection, a whole new world. While the cells media idea of seeing June Cleaver opening up a fridge full of sex selection Coke Zero or the Fonz leaning up against a poster for The Hangover 3 still seems laughable, SeamBI knows its just around the corner. 15. Sex and the City: The Show That Boosted the Pregnancy Rate. In 2008, a RAND Institute study reported that girls between 12 and 17 who watched Sex and the City and and divorce act malaysia, other shows with high sexual content were more than twice as likely to become pregnanta ringing endorsement for uk, enforcing the Mature Audience rating. In The Of The Woods Sparknotes? Of course, all that risque chatter did some good too. A 2011 Ohio State University study found that undergraduates who viewed an uk, episode of Essay Sex and the City were more than twice as likely to talk to sex selection uk, their partners about full sexual-health issues.

16. Uk? The Mongolian Cow Sour Yogurt Super Girl Contest: The Show That Gave China the Vote. No show has captured Chinas heart the way the Super Girl Contest has. In The Lake Of The Sparknotes? When it debuted in 2004, few would have predicted that the all-female American Idol knockoff would draw 400 million viewers. Sex Selection Uk? But while the Chinese people couldnt get enough of the show, the Chinese government viewed it as a threat. The most popular contestants wore Western-style clothes and gave emotional performances that flew in yanomami the face of Chinas usual stoicism. What really scared the government, however, was how viewers chose the winner by text message. In a nation where citizens have no say in who will lead them, that sort of exposure to the democratic process seemed dangerous. Government mandarins led by culture minister Liu Zhongde blasted the show as poison for sex selection uk, our youth. And even after regulators stripped the culture program of its text voting, the venom continued. We cant have working people reveling all day in low culture, Liu said.

This being China, you can probably guess how the story ends. Government censors gave the show the ax following the 2011 season finale. Uk? Still, Super Girl managed to stem cells media, give China a real taste of democracy. Uk? Not even Simon Cowell could find fault there. 17. Queen? Venice: The Show That Won the Web. As Guiding Light sputtered toward cancellation in 2009, fans were distraught. The show was disappearing just as an unlikely super couple was emerging. Single mom characters Olivia Spencer (Crystal Chappell) and Natalia Rivera (Jessica Leccia) were doomed to sex selection, go off the air without sharing their first kiss.

Luckily, actress Chappell saved the Variational Minimax Essay couple by launching the uk Web series Venice to explore the relationship of two women similar to Olivia and Natalia (dubbed Otalia). Actors and crew were so hell-bent on queen elizabeth full title, seeing Otalias romance that they worked for sex selection, free. Law Reform And Divorce? More radically, Chappell defrayed her costs by selling online subscriptions. After spending chaste months on the air, Olivia and sex selection, Natalias Web counterparts locked lips in the first minute of Venice, and the Daytime Emmywinning series is now in its third season, proving that love can conquer anything, including viewers reluctance to pay for yanomami, TV. 18. Chuck: The Show That Sold a Lot of Sandwiches. When NBCs nerd-spy comedy Chuck looked doomed in 2009, fans embraced commercialism to keep the show afloat.

Rather than launch a letter-writing campaign at the end of the sex selection second season, die-hard viewers appealed to a higher power: one of the lake woods sparknotes shows advertisers. Uk? Under operation Finale Footlong, Chuck s nerd herd flooded Subway shops to buy sandwiches. Law Reform Marriage And Divorce Act Malaysia? Even the shows star Zachary Levi got into the action, leading 600 fans to a shop in sex selection uk Birmingham, England. Amazingly, the ploy worked. Subway liked the business so much that it struck a deal with NBC to sponsor Chuck s third season, complete with increased product placement. Did fans love seeing the show saturated with sandwiches? Maybe not, but watching Chuck down a foot-long was better than not watching Chuck at finite verbs, all. 19. Designing Women: The Show That Transcended Politics.

Dixie Carters character on Designing Women , Julia Sugarbaker, was known for sex selection, her frequent monologues praising liberal causes. Offscreen, however, Carter was a staunch Republican and found the diatribes repulsive. When the actress finally put her foot down, refusing to extol Democratic values, the shows producers crafted a bizarre agreement. Each time Carter gave one of her characters trademark rants, she got to sing a song in a future episode. If only Congress would learn to make such compromises. 20. Fei Cheng Wu Rao: TV Killed the Energy Star. Chinas Fei Cheng Wu Rao (If You Are the One) is a pretty standard dating show. Of The Sparknotes? It wont find any love with Beijings air-quality monitors, though. On a 2010 episode, a suitor asked 22-year-old Ma Nuo whether she would ride a bike with him on a date.

Mas withering response: Id rather cry in a BMW than laugh on a bicycle. The catchphrase went viral, and it cemented the bikes reputation as Beijings ultimate no-status symbol. And with air pollution and auto gridlock both up, theres a lot to cry about in your BMW. 21. ER: The Show That Made Us Healthier. ER did more than make George Clooney a superstar. It also changed the way America ate. In three 2004 episodes, the show explored a minor plot arc about a teenager who learns he has high blood pressure. The shows physician characters advise the young man to exercise and eat more fruits and vegetables. While the plot sounds humdrum, it scared viewers straight. In 2007, researchers from the University of Southern Californias medical school published a paper in the Journal of sex selection Health Communication that found that viewers who caught these episodes of ER had started walking or exercising more, eating more fruits and vegetables, or getting their blood pressure checked.

How can anyone say watching TV is verbs, bad for you? 22. Days of Our Lives: The Show That Slowed Down the Supreme Court. For years before his 1991 retirement, Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall slipped away from sex selection, deliberations each day to watch Days of Our Lives . The show wasnt just a guilty pleasure; it helped shape the justices understanding of the world. As Marshall once told Justice William Brennan, soaps teach viewers valuable lessons about life.

23. Baywatch: The Show That Proved David Hasselhoff Is a Genius. When NBC put Baywatch on its fall prime-time schedule in 1989, the network thought it had a hit. How could a showcase for finite, attractive women in swimsuits ever fail? But after the show scuffled in the ratings and took a critical pounding, NBC pulled the plug after just one season. Nobody knew better than star and sex selection uk, executive producer David Hasselhoff that mockery in the States doesnt preclude success abroad. (Remember, this was a man who had topped Germanys pop charts.) Hasselhoff and his co-producers bought Baywatch from the studio and re-launched it in first-run syndication. It didnt take long for in the lake woods, Baywatch to conquer the world. By 1995, the show was being translated into sex selection uk 15 languages and entertaining citizens in 144 countries including Iran! In fact, the finite globe-spanning appeal of slow-motion running and scantily clad ladies helped Baywatch surpass Dallas as the most-watched TV show of sex selection uk all time.

Not a bad legacy for a critical dud. 24. The 1988 Eurovision Song Contest: The Show That Unleashed Celine Dion on the World. Over 200 million records sold later, her heart is still going on. 25. The Colbert Report: The Show That Won 10 Olympic Medals. In October 2009, U.S.

Speedskating was in dire straits. Its primary sponsor, the Dutch bank DSB, had gone bankrupt just months before the 2010 Winter Games. Lake Of The Sparknotes? Worse still, the company hadnt paid a cent of its pledged $300,000. Luckily for the squad, a savior was about to uk, glide onto the rink. On November 2, 2009, comedian Stephen Colbert made a surprise announcement that his show was becoming the teams primary sponsor. Lake? But instead of forking over the cash himself, he asked viewers to make small donations. The money poured in: The team received more than $300,000 from a pool of 9,000 donors, and it made for a solid investment, as the squad racked up 10 medals at the games. What prompted Colberts sudden compassion for uk, a sport hed often lampooned?

He identified with the teams ambitious dreams and dwindling bank account. And Nonfinite? As Colbert told The New York Times , Believe me, I spent 20 years racking up huge debts pursuing comedy. This article originally appeared in mental_floss magazine. Sex Selection Uk? Want to read the whole issue? Download our iPad edition now and get it free, courtesy of Boeing. Also available for marriage, Android and Kindle Fire! On an unseasonably warm day in April 1954, hundreds of uk women in cowboy hats gathered outside Tupperwares Florida headquarters to Variational, dig for buried treasure. There, in a nearby swampy area dubbed the Forest of Spades, 600 shovels stood at the ready. The excitement was palpable.

At the appointed signal, the women raced for the roped-off soil, grabbed shovels, and began to sex selection uk, hunt frantically for loot. It was the cells pinnacle of the inaugural Tupperware Jubilee, a five-day, gold-rush-themed affair celebrating all things Tupperware. No expense was spared: To give the event a Western feel, frontier-style buildings with false fronts had been erected and uk, bulls and horses were trucked in. The women, and law reform marriage, a smattering of uk men, had traveled from all across the law reform and divorce act malaysia country to participate. Sex Selection? A collection of Tupperware dealers, distributors, and finite verbs, sales managers, they made the pilgrimage for sex selection, the motivational speeches, sales instruction, and especially for the bizarre bonding rituals. For five hours that day, they prospected for mink stoles and lake of the sparknotes, freezer units, gold watches and uk, diamond rings. Woods? One of them, Fay Maccalupo of sex selection Buffalo, New York, dug up a toy car. When she saw the queen elizabeth title real Ford it represented, she planted her face against the hood and sex selection, began to weep, repeating, I love everybody. Four women fainted and Variational Optimization, had to be revived with smelling salts.

It was understandable, considering that the total cash value of all the prizes buried in the Florida dirt was $75,000. Presiding over uk the treasure hunt was the general sales manager of the Tupperware Home Parties division, a 40-year-old woman named Brownie Wise. For hours, she cheered on the ladies from Variational Optimization Essay, a loudspeaker with an air of royalty. As she watched them hop on shovels and unearth the sex selection rewards of their labors, she couldnt help but feel proud. Wise took satisfaction in seeing her hard work pay offonce again. The jubilee, which she had organized, had all the law reform marriage and divorce act malaysia pizzazz and spirit expected of an sex selection uk, official Tupperware event. The media agreed: Network news was there to in the lake of the, cover it, and uk, Life magazine ran a photo essay highlighting the excitement and glamour. Clearly, theres more to Tupperware than leftovers. The story of the ubiquitous plastic container is elizabeth, a story of innovation and reinvention: how a new kind of plastic, made from an industrial waste material, ended up a symbol of female empowerment. The product ushered women into the workforce, encouraging them to sex selection uk, make their own money, better their families, and win accolades and Variational, prizes without fear of being branded that 1950s anathema, the career woman.

Digging in the dirt for uk, a gold watch may not mesh with todays concept of a successful working woman, but at the time, the near-religious fervor seen at the jubilees and other Tupperware gatherings demonstrated just how ground-breaking the companys sales plan wasthe product became a multimillion dollar success not by exploiting women, but by embracing and boosting them. All of this was because of yanomami culture Brownie Wise. The story of Tupperware is her story. Brownie Wise, named for sex selection, her big, brown eyes, was born in rural Georgia. Her parents divorced when she was young, and as a teen she traveled with her mother, who organized union rallies. Verbs? While touring the Deep South, Brownie started giving speeches at her mothers rallies and soon proved to be a gifted and motivating orator. She awed people, writes Bob Kealing in sex selection uk his biography Tupperware Unsealed. [They] were surprised that someone so young could deliver a speech like a pastor. Wise was married briefly, but by 27, she was a divorced single mom in suburban Detroit. Yanomami? During World War II, she worked as a secretary at Bendix Aviation, a company that made parts for navy torpedo planes. It was a decent but unfulfilling job.

On the side, Wise penned an advice column for the Detroit News, writing under the uk alter ego Hibiscus. A housewife who led an full title, idyllic life with her child and husband in a home called Lovehaven, Hibiscus had everything Wise did not. But what Wise did possess was an endless fountain of determination. As she wrote in a journal at that time, I wanted to be a successful human being. It all started with a bad door-to-door salesman. When a Stanley Home Products salesman knocked on sex selection, her door and Variational Minimax, proceeded to sex selection, deliver a terrible sales pitch for cleaning supplies, Wise scoffed that she could do better. At the in the woods sparknotes time, Stanley was experimenting with a peculiar sales model: home parties. A New Hampshire mop salesman had watched his numbers fly through the roof after he invited a bunch of women over for a party that included a mop demonstration. The company encouraged other salesmen to try the strategy, but many of them delegated the party-hosting to their wives. Thinking itd be a fun job on the side, Wise started selling Stanley products at parties too.

Before long, she was making enough money to quit her job at Bendix. Wise was blessed with the sex selection uk gift of gab, and her special blend of folksy real talk and motherly encouragement helped her rise through Stanleys ranks. Soon she was in management and hoping to ascend even higher. But those illusions were quashed at elizabeth full title, a meeting with Stanley head Frank Beveridge, who told Wise shed never become an executive. Sex Selection Uk? Its halls were no place for a woman, he said. Stem Media? Wise returned home furious. The rejection lit a fire in sex selection hershe vowed that someday, somehow, she would prove Beveridge wrong. She didnt know that the key to fulfilling this dream would be in plastic food-storage containers. Wise first glimpsed Tupperware at a sales meeting.

One of verbs her coworkers had seen the products gathering dust in a department store and decided to bring them in. At first, Wise didnt think they were anything special. But when she accidentally knocked a Tupperware bowl off the table, she realized its full potential: Instead of sex selection uk breaking, it bounced. It seemed like magic. Tupperware was unlike any home product shed seen before.

It was attractive, coming in pastel colors and flexible shapes, almost like art. Optimization? More importantly, it was functionalno other competing product even came close. Convinced of its potential, Wise traded in sex selection uk her Stanley brooms in 1949 and yanomami, started throwing parties to sell Tupperware. Sex Selection? What she didnt intend, exactly, was to Variational Essay, kindle a revolution. The most amazing thing about sex selection Tupperware wasnt that it extended the life of leftovers and a familys budget, although it did both remarkably well. It was, above all, a career maker. Yanomami Culture? When women came to one of Wises parties, they were more than just convinced to buy the product Wise was such a charming host that she persuaded many buyers to also become Tupperware salespeople. The more parties Wise hosted, the sex selection more tricks she learned to convert women into Tupperware faithful.

Putting people on waiting lists, for Variational, instance, made them more eager to buy, so she signed them up regardless of sex selection uk whether the product was available. She also discovered that throwing containers full of liquid across the room made customers reach straight for their checkbooks. Amassing more and more saleswomen, Wise encouraged her followers to do the same. By October 1949, she had 19 recruits, enough to move her supplies out of her house and into a larger warehouse. Driven by Minimax Optimization Essay the idea of uk making money simply by throwing parties for finite and nonfinite, friends and neighbors, the women in uk Wises workforce ballooned in number. Soon, other Tupperware parties were taking place across the country. Wises team in Detroit was selling more Tupperware than most department stores. Minimax? This soon attracted the attention of the no-nonsense founder of the uk Tupperware Corporation, Earl Silas Tupper. Tupperware, true to its name, was Tuppers masterpiece, and he was counting on it to lake, make his dreams come true. Having grown up in a poor Massachusetts farm family, he had vowed to make a million dollars by the time he was 30.

He hadnt. Uk? He did have a host of esoteric inventionsamong them, a fish-powered boat and no-drip ice cream coneunder his belt. But with a wife and family to support, hed concentrated on a practical career in plastics, first at DuPont and then at a company of his own, which made parts for Jeeps and gas masks during World War II. When the war ended, Tupper decided to buy cheap surpluses left over from wartime manufacturing. In The Of The? He figured hed be able to sex selection, do something with them. Thats how he ended up with a glob of greasy black polyethylene, a smelly waste product left behind when metal is yanomami, created from ore. Uk? Tupper took it and, after months of trial and error, wrangled the slag into submission, creating a light-weight plastic that refused to break. Tupper dubbed it Poly-T, and, taking inspiration from the way paint cans sealed, created a flexible container with a noiseless lid that snapped on. He called the box Tupperware. He patented the seal in 1949 and rolled out 14 products he called the marriage and divorce act malaysia Millionaire Line. The only problem?

He couldnt get anyone to buy it. At least not until Wise came along. Sex Selection Uk? Her sales record was remarkablein 1949, shed rung up $150,000 in orders and was offered a promotion: distribution rights to the entire state of Florida. Cells Media? In the spring of 1950, she moved south with her son, Jerry, and uk, her mother. And Divorce? She found a store space, and by May shed opened her business and sex selection, was scouting for new salespeople. Still, not everything was going smoothly. Along with disputes over finite verbs turf with other distributors, she was constantly contending with botched orders, shipping delays, and product shortages. In March of 1951, Wise had had enough. She called Tupper in a fury. Uk? It was the marriage and divorce first time theyd spoken, but she was too livid for niceties; she ripped into him immediately.

This was hurting not just her bottom line, but also his. Did he not understand how crucial it was that the problems be fixed immediately? Tupper assured her that hed fix any issues and then asked a favor: He wanted to hear her sales secrets. The next month, the two met at a conference on uk, Long Island and Wise explained her selling technique. It was pointless, she explained, to think that people would see Tupperware on store shelves or in catalogs and law reform and divorce, want to sex selection uk, buy it. Instead, people had to touch it, squeeze it, drop it, seal it. They had to experience Tupperware from a trusted friend or neighbor. Cells Media? She gave a bold prescription for sex selection, saving Tuppers business: Ditch department stores altogether and focus entirely on throwing home parties. Tupper took the advice to heart.

So much, in fact, that the day after their meeting, he created a new division just for home parties and asked Wise to be the general manager. Variational Minimax Essay? Wise had reached her goal: She had become an executive. It was a perfect fit, too. She had a stellar track recordshe was selling more Tupperware than anyone anywhereand Tupper was bowled over by her charm. You talk a lot and everybody listens, he said. She was the sex selection yin to Tuppers yang, Kealing writes. Where he was fussy and reclusive, Wise lived to mingle with and inspire the dealer workforce. They were a match made in sales heaven. Or so it seemed. In 1952, the first full year of Wises watch, Tupperware sales rocketed. Wholesale orders exceeded $2 million. During the last half of the year, sales tripled. Tupperware parties did exactly what Wise promised they would, and she became the companys shining star. Title? That year, Tupper gave her a salary of $20,933.33, more than she had ever made.

For her birthday in 1953, he presented her with a gold-dyed palomino horse. Even more remarkably, he gave her the freedom to do practically whatever she wanted. So Wise traveled the country recruiting, presiding over sales conferences, and sex selection uk, announcing contests and law reform marriage act malaysia, doling out prizes for incentiveincluding, sometimes, her own clothes. By the looks of it, most of Wises Tupperware recruits fit neatly into the stereotypical role of sex selection a proper housewife. But, in reality, they surreptitiously represented a new kind of female empowerment. During World War II, many women had no choice but to enter the workforce. Cells Media? At its end, many of them had no choice but to leave it. Sex Selection? Suddenly, selling Tupperware at parties allowed women to straddle both worlds. Yanomami Culture? They were employed, yet they didnt appear to challenge their husbands' authority or the status quo. This pioneering entrepreneurial model allowed them to inhabit a workforce outside of the one the hustling salesman inhabited, and, in many cases, to do even better than he did. Sex Selection Uk? And that power relied specifically on a network of law reform female friends and neighbors.

The parties werent just a way for women to uk, keep occupiedit was a way they could contribute to in the lake woods sparknotes, their familys bottom line. Sex Selection? Most women who worked outside the home had low-paying jobs in fields like light manufacturing, retail, clerical work, and health and education. The moneycommitted dealers could bring in $100 or more per weekwas a revelation. Cells Media? The opportunity for success was so great that the uk husbands of verbs some Tupperware ladies left their own jobs to work with their wives. Wise was something of an early Oprah, giving away fantastic prizes, operating in a grass-roots, word-of-mouth fashion and uk, showing rather than telling other women how to succeed in the comfort of their own homes. The fact that she made many women understand the benefits of becoming salespeople, building the law reform marriage brand further, simply made her a fantastic executive. Wise embraced the spirit of female entrepreneurship wholeheartedly. In her prime, she wrote a morale-boosting newsletter called Tupperware Sparks , published a primer called Tupperware Know-How , and had a 52-minute film, A Tupperware Home Party , made as a training tool.

She even convinced Tupper to move the company headquarters to Florida. When Tupper bought property in Kissimmee, Wise turned it into a Mecca-like pilgrimage site for Tupperware devotees. Part of the sex selection power of Wises sales technique, which at woods, times seemed more faith than business, was that it gave the impression that the sky was the uk limit, and it relied on collective power. This wasnt just the traditional salespersons dog-eat-dog world: Instead, the stem group was a family that helped one another climb to the top. Women who had previously only sex selection uk had their names in print upon birth or marriage were being recognized for culture, their success, with their names, photographs, and accomplishments appearing in Wises newsletters.

Along with making their own money, they received rewardstop distributors got carsand the chance to collaborate with other women in a friendly but competitive environment. Wise increased the fervor with her annual jubilees, which had their own rituals, like candlelit graduation ceremonies and sex selection uk, group sing-alongs featuring choruses of Ive got that Tupper feeling deep in my heart. No woman got praised for scrubbing floors, Elsie Mortland, who became Tupperwares Home Kitchen Demonstrator, told Kealing in in the lake sparknotes an interview in 2005. But when they got praised for selling Tupperware, they had something to be proud of. Wise was the head of the uk household, and the Tupperware ladies all wanted to be a part of her extended family. Success was limited only by how hard a person was willing to cells media, work, a belief that Wise preached passionately. Unfortunately, she had been duped into thinking her boss shared that opinion. As Wise became the face of Tupperware, sales and press continued to skyrocket. In 1954, she was the uk first woman to appear on the cover of Business Week. But as glowing as the verbs magazines profile was, it contained warning signs about the future of her partnership with Tupper. The piece credited Wise and her sales technique with Tupperwares estimated $25 million in retail sales and seemed to downplay Tuppers role as president of the company he had created. Tupper had never craved the spotlight; in fact, he was known to use the back door of sex selection uk his office to avoid attracting attention.

But he was keen to ensure that his product, not an finite, employee, received the lions share of any attention. And somewhere along the way, Wise had started to sex selection, upstage the plastic containers she helped make famous. After the Business Week article, Tupper wrote a note to cells, Wise that contained a glimmer of the storm that was to uk, come: However, good executive as you are, I still like best the pictures . with TUPPERWARE! The good press continued but, in 1955, after several powerful distributors left the company, sales began to lag. Hard times strained Wise and Tuppers relationship. By 1956, angry letters were flying back and forth between them, and at lake of the woods, one point, Tupper stopped taking Wises calls. Her complaints and frank criticisms, previously helpful, had become jabs he couldnt endure.

He also started to uk, believe that she was costing him money, irked that she had her own side business selling self-help books at company events. More to the point, he started to suspect that if he tried selling the companywhich he was planning to dohaving a female executive would get in the way. Finally, in 1958, Tupper flew to Florida and fired Wise. After a heated legal battle, she received only queen full $30,000 as a settlement. She didnt own her house and was ordered to vacate. She had no stocks in the company; she didnt even own many of the clothes she wore. The man shed helped make a millionaire didnt seem to sex selection uk, care: Tupper ordered her name expunged from the company history and buried the Minimax Optimization Essay 600 remaining copies of her book in an unmarked pit behind Tupperwares Florida headquarters. Later that year, he sold the company to Rexall Drug for $16 million, divorced his wife, and bought an island in Central America. He died in Costa Rica in 1983. Sex Selection? Wise, on the other hand, tried starting new companies but never achieved the same success she had with Tupperware.

She led a quiet life with her horses, pottery, and her son until she died at her home in Kissimmee in 1992. Her influence, however, has not waned. Today, according to the PBS American Experience documentary Tupperware! , the product is sold in about 100 countries, while every 2.5 seconds, a Tupperware party is held somewhere in the world. In this respect, the Golden Age of Tupperware hasnt ended so much as it has solidified. When was the of the sparknotes last time you stored food in a plastic container with a sealing mechanism? Tupperware is so much a part of our food culture that we dont even think about its continuing influence, and yet we still rely on it daily. This story is one of reinvention too: a useless plastic reimagined into something needed, of food being stored in wholly new ways, of women emerging from sex selection uk, their kitchens to Variational, showcase their worth and proclaim their identities, of sales techniques evolving to embrace the customer, and of the sex selection uk singular character of Brownie Wise, who changed what it meant to finite, be a woman in the workforce. Because of that, as Houston Post writer Napoleon Hill wrote in 1956, It has been estimated that Brownie Wise has helped more women to financial success than any other single living person.

Early in Wises tenure at the company, Tupper presented her with a piece of the sex selection uk raw polyethylene hed used to yanomami, make Tupperware. She saw it as poetic proof of his vision: He had created something beautiful from this unappealing glob of sex selection plastic, using nothing but imagination and persistence. It was the best sales story I have ever heard in all my life, she wrote. She considered Poly, as Tupper called it, a prized possession and would have her women touch it for good luck, telling them, Just get your fingers on culture, it, wish for what you want. Know its going to come true, and uk, then get out and work like everything . and it will! In the years leading up to the Civil War, many Northerners and culture, Southerners alike wanted the federal government to take a more aggressive approach toward acquiring new territory. In fact, some private citizens, known as filibusters, took matters into their own hands. They raised small armies illegally; ventured into Mexico, Cuba, and South America; and attempted to seize control of the lands. One particularly successful filibuster, William Walker, actually made himself president of sex selection Nicaragua and ruled from 1856 to 1857. For the stem most part, these filibusters were just men in sex selection search of adventure.

Others, however, were Southern imperialists who wanted to in the lake of the woods, conquer new territories in the tropics. Abolitionist factions in the North greatly opposed their efforts, and the debate over sex selection Southern expansion only increased tensions in a divided nation. As the country drifted into Optimization Essay war, U.S. Vice President John Breckinridge of sex selection uk Kentucky warned that the yanomami Southern states cannot afford to sex selection, be shut off from all possibility of expansion towards the Variational tropics by the hostile action of the federal government.? But Abraham Lincoln's election in November 1860 put an end to the argument. The anti-slavery president refused to compromise on the issue, and war broke out in sex selection April 1861. CONFEDERATE COLONIES, SOUTH OF THE BORDER. Winning the elizabeth full title war was clearly a higher priority for the Confederacy than conquering Latin America, but growth was certainly on the post-war agenda.

The Confederate constitution included the right to expand, and Confederacy president Jefferson Davis filled his cabinet with men who thought similarly. Uk? He even hinted that the slave trade could be revived in new acquisitions to finite and nonfinite, be made south of the Rio Grande.? During the sex selection Civil War, Confederate agents attempted to destabilize Mexico so that its territories would be easy to yanomami, snatch up after the war. One rebel emissary to Mexico City, John T. Pickett, secretly fomented rebellion in several Mexican provinces with an sex selection, eye to the permanent possession of that beautiful country.? Pickett's mission ended in failure in 1861, but fate dealt the South a better hand in 1863. French Emperor Napoleon III seized Mexico, and the move provided the and divorce act malaysia South with a perfect excuse to liberate? the country after the Civil War. Of course, Mexico was just part of the pie that the sex selection uk South hoped to inherit. Queen Full? Confederate leaders also had their eyes squarely on Brazila country of sex selection uk 3 million square miles and more than 8 million people. Prior to the outbreak of the war, Matthew Maury, one of the forces behind the U.S. Naval Academy, dispatched two Navy officers to the Amazon basin, ostensibly to map the in the sparknotes river for shipping. Instead, they were secretly plotting domination and collecting data about separatist movements in the region.

When the South lost the war, Maury refused to sex selection uk, abandon his plans. He helped up to queen title, 20,000 ex-rebels flee to Brazil, where they established the Confederate colonies of sex selection uk New Texas and Americana. To this day, hundreds of stem cells media descendants of the Confederados still gather outside Americana to sex selection uk, celebrate their shared heritage of rocking chairs and sweet potato pie. In a strange way, a part of the Old South still survivesthousands of miles below the U.S. Law Reform Marriage And Divorce? border. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. With Help From Photoshop and AI, No One Will Know You Blinked in sex selection That Photo.

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5 tips to get you jobs as a fresher. Yourstory recently conducted India#x2019;s first jobs fair exclusively for startups in sex selection, Bangalore. 26 leading. The Startup Jobs fair saw over yanomami culture, 4000 applicants, many of them freshers looking for jobs with startups. startup companies had set up stall to sex selection, meet and talk to aspirants. Media! In addition, there were over 20 early stage startups that were looking for uk, employees or co-founders. During the day, we saw over 4000 participants walk in for discussions with companies. Many of them were freshers.

These were enthusiastic about queen full title, landing a job. But when it came to how to go about it, many just walked up to companies and uk handed over their resumes. During the day, Yourstory even held a session for yanomami, freshers on the best way to sex selection, approach getting a job. In The Lake Of The Woods! We know#xA0;that finding a job is tough when you don#x2019;t have experience. That#x2019;s why you need to think different. Here are some tips that you should adopt when job-hunting as a fresher. It always amazes me that people miss out this basic step. Not just freshers, but even experienced folks walk into an interview without making an uk effort to read up on what the company does.

In many interviews I have conducted, one of the first questions I ask is #x2018;You must have gone through our web-site. Why don#x2019;t you tell me what you know about us so that I can help fill the blanks?#x201D; In many cases, the candidates make excuses #x2013; I just browsed the website casually. I didn#x2019;t have time. I thought I would find out during the interview. A typical interviewer goes through tens of verbs interviews during a day. S/he has put aside important work to conduct#xA0;the interview. The last thing s/he wants is to explain#xA0;what the company is all about. Uk! Imagine if you walk into the interview stating #x2018;I read about the latest product update you had, and I#x2019;m keen on working with your company because I am keen on the domain.#x2019; That immediately tells the interviewer that you#x2019;re aware of the work the firm does and they have something to start discussions on. Get details about the in the lake woods, company and products during the research. No one expects that you know the latest quarterly reports in mind, but you should know enough for the interviewer to feel you#x2019;ve not made a superficial statement.

Talk about sex selection, projects you have done. As a fresher, you have no work experience that an marriage act malaysia interviewer can test you on. Almost everyone#x2019;s resume claims that they know all major languages and sex selection uk platforms. Most people think #x2013; I#x2019;ll write it to Variational, get the call. In the best case, they may never ask me#xA0;to write code in sex selection, the language I don#x2019;t know (doesn#x2019;t this stem from all the optional subjects we have in curriculum?) For an Variational Essay interviewer, you#x2019;re just one of sex selection uk many candidates. They are looking for things that will set you apart and make their job easy. The best way to stem, grab attention is to talk about projects you were involved in, if you have been.

If you#x2019;ve already worked on sex selection open source projects or contributed something, that will set you apart. But please don#x2019;t embellish your contributions or hype your college projects. The project you did to create a website for your college canteen may seem like great work to you, but it doesn#x2019;t seem much if you#x2019;re a company that#x2019;s building products for consumers across the world. And Divorce Act Malaysia! Everyone#x2019;s fighting for sex selection, time in today#x2019;s world. No one has time to go through paragraphs to understand your potential. Finite And Nonfinite Verbs! Make your resumes short and retain only uk interesting stuff. As a fresher, you#x2019;ll be tempted to write long paras because your resume looks shorter than your friends. Highlight the skills that the job requires. If you#x2019;ve done your research, you will be able to tailor your resume for and nonfinite, the job on offer. If you#x2019;re wondering, the answer#x2019;s yes. You should have multiple versions of your resume ready.

But please. Leave the long-winded essays for your college papers. Just be crisp about your achievements. Most people have short attention spans. You#x2019;re competing for attention with so many others. Start your introduction strong so that you capture the listener#x2019;s attention.

Focus on points that are your strengths #x2013; if you#x2019;re not from a leading college, it makes more sense to uk, talk about relevant projects and why you#x2019;d like to work for the company. In The Of The Sparknotes! Do not start with statements like #x2018;If given a chance, I will do very well for the company#x2019;. That#x2019;s understood. And do not make generic statements like #x2018;I#x2019;m very passionate#x2019;. Uk! One interview is usually never enough for Variational Essay, the interviewer to figure out you#x2019;re perfect for the job (though it#x2019;s much much easier to figure out you#x2019;re not the right fit). And there#x2019;s usually a line of candidates who will also go through the process before/after you. Once the company decides that you make the shortlist, many also search for you online to see if there#x2019;s anything else they find. Maintain a LinkedIn profile, even if you don#x2019;t have work experience. LinkedIn has a public part of the profile that shows up when someone searches your name.

LinkedIn recently announced CheckIn, an app that lets companies gather information about aspirants and contact them post the sex selection, event. That#x2019;s yet another reason to maintain a good LinkedIn profile. Yanomami! A quick note on recommendations: Stay away from too many recommendations from your peers. They will definitely find you extremely talented and a future asset to any team, and uk the interviewer will definitely discount their views. Try getting recommendations from your professors, or from senior professionals that you do your college internships with. That counts a lot more. Variational Optimization Essay! Also, be careful about what you say on twitter. It may seem wonderful to shoot out something funny on a political scandal. But remember, your future employer may not find it funny, or think you naive. All the best with your job search!

Reach the author at uk @shrinathv or on his LinkedIn profile. Stem Cells Media! Last day to apply for the Dell Startup Challenge Season 2. Win $5,000 worth of Dell technology, a Dell Vostro laptop and a chance to present your business idea to an angel investor or a seed fund. Sign up here now! Smart city isnt only about hard infrastructure, its about uk, smart people, says Amitabh Kant. How 2 cousins made bespoke tailoring their strong suit and turned a 94-year-old business into a Rs 100 crore premium brand. From Jodhpur to woods sparknotes, Bengaluru via Mumbai, it has been a long ride for Ola#39;s Ankit Bhati. Do Angels win because they have to kiss 10,000 frogs to sex selection, find which one turns into a prince?

Mid-September opens the door for bigger funding deals. With 14 failures behind them, these IIT-Kanpur graduates hope to Optimization, hit the sweet spot with ShareChat. Shrinath has over a decade of experience creating technology products with brands like Nokia, Motorola, MapmyIndia and Texas Instruments, some that are still used by uk, millions of users worldwide. He has extensive experience across the product lifecycle - from ideation to finite, product launch, product marketing and post launch activities. He loves traveling and understanding different cultures, and writes about his travel at his blog http://www.shrinathv.com. Uk! He can be reached on Twitter at yanomami culture @shrinathv or at his LinkedIn profile: www.linkedin.com/in/shrinathv.

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Essay, Research Paper: E-Commerce Marketing. With the rapidly advancing technologies that are occurring in sex selection, modern business, organisations are required to be ready, and able to adapt within their. ever-changing environment. It is true across all diverse industries that in. order to stay competitive, organisations must be able to utilise the finite and nonfinite, various. tools that technology has to offer. Technological factors have been of growing. importance, particularly in sex selection, recent years. A major factor involved in these. technology issues is the use of the Internet as a major issue to modern. organisations.

The Internet has been rapidly growing since it's inception and and nonfinite verbs, is. now commonly used in all sectors of societies, in all corners of the globe. The. Internet has quickly become one of the most valuable assets in uk, modern. technology, and as such, is developing as an integral part of modern commerce. As with past technologies, the Internet will have future technological advances. develop from yanomami culture, its own growth. Sex Selection Uk? The task the organisations of in the new century?

Realise future opportunities and threats, and base a strategy accordingly. Is it clich? to finite verbs say that 'the Internet changes everything': the challenge. now is to uk say what, how and how quickly. (When Companies Connect, 1999, p.19) The Internet has lead to the birth and evolution of electronic commerce or. E-commerce. E-commerce has now become a key component of many organisations in. the daily running of their business. Simply defined, electronic commerce.

is a system of online shopping and information retrieval accessed through. networks of personal computers. (Reedy, J. Schullo, S. Zimmerman, K. 2000, pg. 29) E-commerce challenges traditional organisational practices, and stem cells, opens. ups a vast array of issues that the organisations must address. By focusing on. the varying levels of an organisation, it soon become apparent the effects that. E-commerce can have. An understanding of the implication E-commerce has on such. organisational divisions can help businesses gain understanding hence plan for. it's inevitable continuing evolution.

In terms of marketing, the modern. organisation must be critically aware of the development of E-commerce, and the. implications that it entails. Marketers develop their own recipe of. promotional tactics to fit the product lines or industries in which they. compete. Now electronic communications tools are and will continue to be an. important ingredient in uk, the promotional mix (Reedy, J. Schullo, S. Zimmerman, K. 2000, pg. Media? 29) In assessing the implications of E-commerce in terms.

of marketing, it is important to sex selection understand its impact in respect to marketing. strategy formulation. As the Internet, and in turn E-commerce has developed, and. continues to evolve and grow, it is vital that any organisation, in any. particular industry, must base it's strategic planning around such a rapidly. growing medium.

The growth of the yanomami culture, Internet is an environmental influence that. must be embraced and understood so to successfully plan for future marketing. implementation. In order to successful realise the impact that E-commerce has in. terms of marketing, it is important to break the area of uk, interest into lake, some key. areas. As most of the issues that arise in terms of sex selection, E-commerce represent. organisations entering the environment, it seems natural to base discussion. around this. Lake Of The Sparknotes? Therefore, the bulk of the literature review relates existing. organisations entering into the E-commerce market environment.

In successfully. identifying the relationship between E-commerce and sex selection, strategy, the issues are. categorised as follows: 1. Strategic analysis Understanding the environment. 2. Identifying the strategic options/SWOT analysis Strategic. Advantages/Disadvantages Advertising Electronic cost. cutting/publishing/Process 3. Corporate level, Business level, d Marketing level. 4. Woods Sparknotes? Retailing in E-commerce Implementation Issues Financial Performance. monitoring 5. Sex Selection? Conclusion Based on current knowledge state To gain a clearer. understanding of the implication of E-Commerce in the formulation of marketing.

strategy, it is imperative to gain a clear understanding of the stem cells, environment and. it's relevant effects. This helps in understanding the uk, rationale in a developing. marketing strategy, particularly the influences of E-Commerce on its make-up. The next crucial element is to gain an understanding of queen full, E-commerce itself, as. well as the current and possible future developments. In understanding. E-commerce's impact on strategic foundations, an organisation's strategies can.

be more clearly focused. Once the organisation and E-commerce's respective. environments are clear it is then possible to understand E-commerce's. implications in regards to fundamental marketing strategies. Sex Selection Uk? By focusing on. tools such as the competitive strategy framework we can gain a better. understanding of strategy formulation. By now it is easy to link E-commerce. ideals directly into the strategic planning sequence, and hence understand its.

impact to the marketer. (Brown, 1997) By reviewing these traditional marketing. theories and practices, it's possible to see where, if at all E-commerce fit. into current frameworks. This will provide relevant conclusions that can be made. based on the strategic implications of E-commerce, and it's attributes in the. marketing process. In doing so, this adds a vital dimension to yanomami the marketer in. an ever-growing technology based society, of which must be clearly understood. Strategic analysis Understanding the Environment In order to gain an.

understanding of sex selection uk, E-commerce's impact to the modern organisation it is imperative. that the environmental issues are analysed and understood. The understanding of. the environment in which an organisation is title, involved is a fundamental element of. its strategic plan. In order to be successful in any industry the organisation.

must have a sound understanding of influences that effect its product or service. offer. When conducting an environmental analysis in regards to the Internet, it. may seem that many of its attributes are present in traditional consumer. markets.

However, E-commerce provides organisations with a unique medium to. analyse, requiring information relating specifically to it's environment. (Strauss, J. Frost, R., 1999). E-commerce ideals place particular emphasis on. environmental factors, due to the high rate of change and development it. constantly undergoes. Sex Selection Uk? An understanding of both environmental influence on the. Internet and E-commerce, and verbs, that of a particular organisation is sex selection, imperative.

basing any strategic formulation. Strauss, J. Frost, R. (1999) includes these. macro and micro environmental factor as key issues, and they are extremely. useful in constructing a basic for finite strategic planning. Macro Environment. Technology Obviously technology is a key environmental issues that must be. addressed when analysing and understand E-commerce. Technology is ever-changing, and as such E-commerce is absolutely influenced by sex selection uk it's evolution.

Rapid changes. in recent technological advances have bought about the Internet and in turn. E-commerce, and queen full title, such dramatic evolution is likely to continue. In terms of. strategic formulation, technology is a huge issue that any organisation must be. aware of when realising E-commerce' s strategic implications.

For example, an. organisation thinking of developing a Web site must be strongly aware of. technological issues that pertain to such initiations. Sex Selection Uk? The decision to develop a. web-site internally or externally would be a key issue for stem cells media any organisation. Internal web-site development would require a vast understanding of technology. and require this environmental factor to sex selection be constantly reviewed and analysed.

In. any case, awareness of technology is vital in planning marketing and business. strategies, and should be closely followed. World economies Another key. environmental influence is an awareness and understanding of global activity.

such as world economies. As the Internet provide a basis for global. communication, the queen elizabeth, awareness of world economies must be understood in regards to. E-commerce. The linking of the Internet world-wide, in turn effects the way in. which E-commerce behaves, and therefore makes an understanding of world. economies imperative.

Legal/Political As with the need to understand world. economies, global integration of E-commerce highlights fundamental environment. issues such as legal and political influences. As independent countries operate. different legal and politic systems, it is obvious that an understanding of such. ideals is also important in addressing E-commerce. For example, a recent. precedent-setting court case in sex selection, New York recently, a judge ruled that New. Yorkers were breaking the law by culture gambling on sex selection, the Internet, even if the gambling.

companies were based in other countries. State Supreme Court Justice Charles. Edward Ramos stated, The act of entering the bet and transmitting the. information from New York via the Internet is adequate to constitute gambling. activity within New York State. (Public Agenda Online, 2000) Such example. highlights issues that organisation must be aware of when developing a marketing. strategy formula. Failing to recognise possible repercussions of E-commerce use, in a political or legal manner could prove catastrophic for and nonfinite verbs an organisation. It. is imperative it is carefully looked at, particularly in regards to sex selection E-commerce. Micro Environment Market environment The growth of E-commerce has transformed.

the way in cells media, which consumers purchase products as well as how organisations. operate. The Internet provides the necessary tools; easy operation and exchange. of information; and therefore effects all diverse industries and organisations. The Internet has become a useful tool for selling, buying and uk, distributing goods. and services globally in a rapidly growing supply chain. The potential market. that the Internet provides has little or no restrictions by full either geography or.

time, and therefore poses a huge impact on uk, any organisation considering. E-commerce in it's strategic marketing formulation. Opportunities in E-commerce. are enormous, as present growth and development have proved. (Kay, E. And Divorce Act Malaysia? 2000) The. Internet provides a virtual marketplace, providing huge opportunities in sex selection uk, the. marketing strategies that an organisation my wish to develop.

Forecasters have. projected that the world wide E-commerce revenues will be over marriage $350 Billion in. the year 2000. (Jones, I. 1999) User trends The trends of Internet users and in. fact the use of E-commerce in general is extremely valuable information that the. organisation must be aware of. By knowing how the advances of the Internet are. being used, a marketing strategy can be focused keeping these ideals in mind.

As. E-commerce provides different uses to varying companies or industries, user. trends and their relative importance differ. For example business to business. electronic communication would represent different characteristic than. communication relating directly to sex selection uk the end-consumer. Ideals such as customer. tracking can be found as an integral advantage in Minimax Essay, the use of Internet based. marketing.

Information regarding users use of resources can be. tracked reasonably easily on the Internet, and is a direct result of the. information-based platform the Internet provides. For example Amazon.com provide. e-mail announcements when a new product or service become available to its. customers. (Reedy, J. Schullo, S. Zimmerman, K. 2000). Such understanding and.

manipulation of user information is beneficial to both consumer and suppliers. (Fig 1.) is an uk, example of user information that may be pertinent in designing a. strategy based using research of Variational, Internet use. The Graphics, Visualisation, and. Usability (GVU) Centre conducted the research of this information that was found. in on an information-based Web site. Such information may be particularly useful. when implementing strategic formulation, however should not be treated as. sacred. Because of the limited nature in which this research is presented, it is. hard to gauge its validity as a neutral and independent source.

Organisation. must be aware of such information's credibility, and clear of uk, its context and. meaning. Without doing so, an organisation risks initiating a strategy that is. based on inaccurate information. In keeping in mind the limitations of various. consumer analysis information, it should be understood that there is still a. place for its use in strategic formulation and planning. Having an awareness of. the varying user trends aids in queen elizabeth full, strategy formulation in a number of ways. By.

understanding how the users of information tools such as the Web act, for. example, it is possible to forecast or predict future behaviour and uk, base. strategies accordingly. Queen Elizabeth Full Title? Therefore user trends are an integral environmental. issues that FIG 1. INTERNET USER PROFILE must be identified, in order to achieve. successful marketing success.

Consumer analysis Possibly the major factor in. understanding the sex selection, effects of E-commerce towards marketing within an yanomami, organisation. is the awareness of who in fact has access to such resources. By having an. understanding of users of the Internet and E-commerce resources, the marketing. strategy can be further advanced, and sex selection uk, tailored in a favourable direction to the. organisation. Various factors make-up the analysis of the finite, consumer when. addressing both E-commerce and sex selection, the more tradition means of commerce.

Ideals such. as demographics and cultural influences must be identified when assessing the. characteristic of any market. It is important that the users of Internet. technology are identified, and the relevant consumer attributes understood. Media? In. terms of E-commerce, this aspect of the environment provides a basis for how an. organisation would structure their marketing strategies based on sex selection uk, the attributes.

that make up the general Internet consumer. It is important to get some. idea of the degree to which the marketing approach will be accepted by potential. customers (Higgins, 1999, p.47) It is also imperative that awareness of. the consumer does not limit organisations to just the end-consumer. Business-to-business relationships must also be taken into account when planning. strategy based around the E-commerce framework. By being aware of law reform marriage, how industries. and organisations utilise tools such as the Internet, a marketing strategy can.

be further guided in the right direction. Identifying the Strategic Options/SWOT. analysis Having provided a situation analysis and environmental analysis, an. organisation must use the information, in order to implement its strategic plan. In implementing a strategic plan is it appropriate to identify the four key. elements in an organisation's environment. They are: the internal strengths and. weaknesses; and the external opportunities and threats. Sex Selection Uk? (Or SWOT analysis). By. matching the organisations resources, and any apparent opportunities it may be. possible to conclude an effective match, and and nonfinite verbs, hence, a favourable outcome.

(Brown, L. 1997) These four major environmental factors are important for the. organisation, and sex selection uk, are vital in assessing its strategy in an E-commerce. situation. For example a farming supplier whom currently possesses an e-mail. ordering system may be thinking about developing a web-site. As they currently.

already operate basic E-commerce facilities, they may identify this as a. strength in their business. Hence, in doing so, their strategic formulation has. been based around the fundamental practice of yanomami, SWOT analysis. Sex Selection Uk? These ideals keep. with common literature and practice, however they can be further explored by. looking at some of the external forces that E-commerce poses. As such, E-commerce provides strategic advantages and Variational, disadvantages that have been widely. discussed and sex selection uk, challenge. Stem Cells Media? As opportunities and threats can often be rather.

blurred, these E-commerce or Internet advantages or disadvantage pose some. interesting question. Uk? Strategic Advantages/Disadvantages In having a. comprehensive analysis of the environment in which the organisation is face with. when dealing with E-commerce, the task is culture, now rather simple. The organisation. must identify how to use the Internet towards a useful business advantage. (McEarchern, T. O'Keefe, B., 1998) There are huge amount of interesting approaches to. achieving such an uk, ideal, and the basic ideals varying across different.

industries and organisations. For example, CD Now and Amazon.com are. building businesses based on immediate availability and ordering of, respectively, any CD or book. Variational Minimax Optimization? (McEarchern, T. O'Keefe, B., 1998, p.62) While this may be an sex selection, ideal medium for companies such as Amazon.com it may prove. rather less successful for different organisations.

Unless clearly define. objectives are set when approaching E-commerce, strategic ideals may prove. derogatory to an organisation. (Higgins, J. Lake? 1999) While it is obvious that. dynamic organisation possess varying attributes, there are some general. advantages and disadvantages that E-commerce offers across all different. industries. As E-commerce advances at sex selection uk, it rapid rate, it is clear that no. industry will be exempt from its impact. Queen? Therefore key issues in its possible. uses must be address across all diverse industries. Advertising Advertising on.

the Internet presents a significant opportunity for an organisation to enter the. world of E-commerce. As part of strategic planning any organisation must be. ready to uk develop it's brand image and of the, as such, the Internet offers a wide range. of opportunities. Such as the use of sex selection, billboards in Essay, the real world, the Internet.

can provide ideal locations to further developing their offer. Obviously the. information received on site hits and relevant user data acquired, helps to. focus such ideals towards the appropriate target market. There are, however many. views that Internet advertising will not gain distinctive popularity because of. the difficulty in assessing it effectiveness (Ottman, 1996 cited Johns, R.,). While Strauss, J. Frost, R. (1999) believes that advertising on the Internet. helps reach its revenue objectives, Johns, R. (1996) suggests that Internet.

advertising is full of clutter, and therefore proves difficult to gain the. attention of the target market. Virtual stores are another significant ideal in. which strategic planning can base significant interest in, when addressing. E-commerce.

Virtual store can provide an inexpensive form of direct sales or. help to supplement existing sales channels. (Strauss, J. Frost, R., 1997) By. using the Internet, manufacturers are possible to reach the end-consumer without. going through intermediaries. (Turban, E. et al, 2000). Successful exponents of. such strategies are organisations such as Amazon.com, and their success in the. distribution of books. When aligning a strategic plan based around the.

development of a virtual store, there are some key issues that must be. addressed. As with any strategic development, there are usually threats, and. virtual stores pose considerable threats due to uk intense competition. In a. marketplace such as the Internet, other company can apply huge pressure, perhaps. due to a sustainable competitive advantage. (Strauss, J. Frost, R., 1997)

Electronic Cost-cutting By replacing existing print and publishing cost, organisation can use E-commerce for their electronic publishing. Distribution on. the Web, as opposed to mail, for example can have a huge impact on cost, and may. be a strategic driver. The initial strategy might be for lowered cost of the. product offer, and hence lowering cost in documentation distribution may help in.

the financial control of such a strategy. Yanomami? FIG 2. THE STRATEGY HIERARCHY (Brown, L. 1997, p.10) The Strategy Hierarchy As a vital aspect of understanding the. implications of E-commerce to marketing strategy, it's vital to look at all. levels of the strategic hierarchy. Sex Selection? The strategy hierarchy (Fig 2.) identifies.

the: corporate strategy business strategy And at a functional level, the marketing strategy. It is imperative that when addressing the strategic. implication of E-commerce, that all three areas of the organisation must be. addressed. Variational Minimax Optimization? In doing so, the marketing role within the uk, organisation is not.

isolated, and is in keeping with the overall organisations core objectives. The. first step is to address the corporate strategy and define the its link to the. strategic development of elizabeth full, E-commerce. The basis for uk the corporate strategy. identifies where the business wants to focus its attention in regards to the. scope of the organisation. In doing so bases it's mission and vision to align. with key objectives. (Brown, L. 1997) Paxton, B. Stem Media? Baker, T. (1997) suggests that. it is essential that the Internet planning process is not divorced from. the corporate strategic management process but is integrated into each stage of.

your company's existing process. The focus of the uk, corporate strategy is to. develop synergy between the various Strategic Business Units (SBUs). This is finite, a. vital element to any organisation that is evolving its strategies into new. domains, particularly as a result of uk, environment shifts. Yanomami Culture? Therefore when. formulated a strategy based around the use of E-commerce, it is imperative that.

the SBU planning is in synergy with the core corporate objectives. In doing so, the other relevant SBUs will follow the corporate strategies lead. As the. varying SBUs are aligned within the corporate strategy, they too have influence. over their relative functional levels.

The business strategy possesses more. defined objectives as well as a clearly defined competitive strategy. Because. the SBUs operate in their relevant markets, such clearer focused goals are. possible. At this level the focus is on building, defending and. maintaining competitive positions through the development and sex selection uk, implementation of.

competitive marketing strategies. (Brown, L. 1997, p.11) The role of the. SBU strategy is clear, and is also highly relevant to E-commerce issues. Woods? This. drive to maintain competitiveness in a SBU's market may be the foundation for a. move into E-commerce development. As the core goals are to sustain a competitive. position, an organisation may decide that E-commerce provide this and inherits. it's use in their strategic planning. Uk? However, some organisations may find that.

E-commerce provide them with no significant competitive offering, and hence. chooses to ignore it as part of their strategic formulation. The decisions must. follow a well prepared business plan and require a thorough understanding. of the impact of the bottom line. (Higgins, J. Title? 1999, p.48) The marketing. strategy level of sex selection, strategic planning identifies some key functional issues that. the organisation must implement. This identifies the relevant marketing. objectives that the organisation wishes to implement as well as the product.

market strategies. This level gains a clearer focus on the consumer in media, each. particular target market. This integrates many key marketing ideals, and is used. to co-ordinate marketing resource and the marketing mix to reach the desired. markets in which are targeted. Sex Selection? The Marketing strategy is by far the most. relevant in measuring the impact of E-commerce on the marketing strategy. formula. Media? While the uk, upper levels in the hierarchy shapes the direction in which. various marketing strategies are planned; it is stem media, this level that develops the.

functional elements of this strategy. Retailing in E-commerce A major shift in. the evolution of E-commerce is it's impact on the traditional retailing system, in particular the shift of uk, intermediaries from the distribution channel. In. theory, the Internet allows manufacturers to sell directly to the consumer, cutting out the traditional ideals of a middleman or intermediary. (Turban, E. et al. Minimax Essay? 2000). Turban (et al.

2000) describes this phenomenon as. disintermediation. Sex Selection Uk? Turban, E. et al. (2000) also identifies an emerging. electronic middlemen such as e-mail and product selection agents. This is in the woods, quite naturally classified as reintermediation. (Fig 3.) Shows the. prevalence of the two as a result of sex selection, E-commerce developments. The evolution of. the second phenomenon is commonly believe to the basis for future E-commerce. practices. Hutchinson, A. (1997) suggests that this middleman effect with. combine with global integration and widespread network connections.

Once again. Amazon.com provides are useful example of a strong electronic intermediary. When. devising a marketing strategy an organisation must be aware of this shift in. E-commerce structures. The awareness of how intermediaries in the distribution. channel is absolutely vital to marketing strategy, and the implications of how. this is changing could have a profound effect on and divorce act malaysia, marketing strategy formulation. FIG 3. DISINTERMEDIATION AND REINTERMEDIATION BY EC (Turban, E. et al. 2000, p.64) Implementation Issues Financial The development of sex selection uk, Web site is. fundamentally used to result in some level of revenue or a decrease in cells media, the cost.

Revenue is typically based around increase sales, and decrease cost could arise. due to elimination of intermediary forces. Sex Selection? (Strauss, J. Frost, R. 1999) Therefore the basis for integration into E-commerce has an effect on financial. issues, and may perhaps be the yanomami culture, basis for the strategic formulation. As with. almost any strategic plan, there are associated costs that derive, and this is. reflected also in E-commerce. Such cost could be identified as follows: Connecting to the Internet (The Internet Service Provider) Hardware and.

software Web site and advertising designers Staff to maintain the Web. sites and manage e-mail with stakeholders. Performance monitoring As with any. strategic formulation, E-commerce requires appropriate performance monitoring to. ensure that is sex selection uk, place in the organisation continues to stem be in sync with the. functional goal and sex selection, objectives put in place. This includes ensuring that any. adaptation to E-commerce is monitored, including staff training and awareness. The use of E-commerce in an organisation must be carefully monitored to stem cells ensure.

that it remains productive, and that they generate some sort of gain. As well as. these functional aspects, it is imperative that the actual strategies that are. formulated as constantly review, and future developments are adapted into such. strategies. Conclusion E-commerce is sex selection uk, revolutionising the way in which an.

organisation thinks, and in particular how an organisation bases it's future. goals and in the lake of the woods sparknotes, objective. An understanding of the critical make up of organisations, and how they develop their strategies, helps to close the sex selection uk, gap between E-commerce. and strategic marketing. An organisations strategic planning process helps to. cover the vital issues that any new paradigm may invoke. This structure helps. provide a basis for assessing the impact of E-commerce and it's relationship. with marketing strategy.

By understanding the organisation as a whole, it. becomes clear what initiates strategic development, and in the woods sparknotes, hence provides clear. reasons why E-commerce may become prevalent in strategy formulation. Such an. understand allows the organisation to develop E-commerce strategy that is in. sync with the sex selection uk, organisations corporate strategies. Such fundamental comparisons. help to gauge the effect E-commerce has and will have on in the lake of the sparknotes, modern organisations.

If Organisations gain an understanding of E-commerce and its relationship to. marketing and operational strategies, they will be better ready for future. development and technological change. Sex Selection Uk? (Baty, E. 2000) In order to be competitive. in modern business it is imperative that the and nonfinite, organisation's corporate strategies. are constantly review, and environmental influences addressed. One of the major. shifts in recent years is the technological shift towards the Internet, and as a. result E-commerce.

E-commerce has developed into an enormous aspect of the. Internet and as such, organisations have been required to uk address this in their. strategic planning. For example, the University of Otago's strategic plans would. be to look forward to Variational Minimax Optimization technological changes, and sex selection uk, be ready to adapt to these.

As. such, perhaps the introduction of an Optimization Essay, E-commerce Degree may be a resultant of. their strategic plans. Organisations that are looking towards E-commerce as a. strategic option are met with numerous issues that must be addressed. Analysing. theories and thoughts on E-Commerce helps to gain a better understanding of how. an organisation would approach such a strategy. As with any strategy, many.

attributes must be considered, and carefully evaluated. As a fundamental. component of uk, strategic planning is to finite envision future development, perhaps these. ideals could be advanced further. While E-commerce does and will have a profound. effect on uk, marketing strategy formulation, what will the elizabeth title, future of E-commerce. hold? As organisations implement their strategic plans in respect to E-Commerce, it must be realised how this will effect other part of the organisations. Sex Selection? It is. also important to understand how society is impacted as a result of their.

strategic plan. Is promoting a greater number of Internet users irresponsible? Perhaps promoting regular use of computers is affecting the Variational, general health of. the consumer. While such suggestion seen rather extreme, it is feasible to. assume that such ideals warrant further investigation. In keeping with these.

future ideals, research may be sought on developments in technology and the. potential for uk total media packages and what they would mean to Variational Minimax Optimization Essay the advertiser. Perhaps the next step in sex selection uk, the Internet, is Variational Optimization, total home entertainment, and. identification of this early, could lead to sex selection a sustainable competitive advantage. Help other users to find the good and worthy free term papers and trash the bad ones. Free papers will not meet the guidelines of your specific project. And Divorce? If you need a custom essay on Marketing: , we can write you a high quality authentic essay.

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