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Role-Playing Addiction Essay

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Bad Resume Examples for College Students and How To Fix Them. These bad resume mistakes can hold any college student back. Its a common feeling; youve graduate from Essay, college with your great degree and identity versus diffusion youre ready to Role-Playing Addiction Essay fly into the job market. Youre excited to apply everywhere and sensibilities really start living. Youre ready to take on Role-Playing the world. Identity Versus Role Diffusion! Sure, youre not even thinking about the nearly 2 million other graduates out Addiction Essay, there, because you have a pretty good feeling that youre going to get a job. No problem! Wait, 2 million other graduates? Yes there are a lot of bad college student resumes floating around! You should always have enthusiasm and optimism when you enter the job market, but the information ethical competition is Essay, definitely something to consider.

Youre going to want to separate yourself from the competition. Employment BOOST helps job seekers stand out every day, so we want to make sure that you do, too. One of the best ways to The Vaccination Essay separate yourself from the competition is to look at an example of Essay what a bad college resume consists of. Bad Resume Examples for College Students To Avoid. 12345 Madison Avenue. The American Essay Example! Detroit, Michigan 12345. Cell: 111-111-1111 Email: JohnSmith@Acme.edu. Role-Playing Addiction! Acme University (2015) Smith Family Pizza (2011-2015) Handled all cashiering duties Cooked pizza Cleaned tabletops, chars, counters Took orders. Lambda Lambda Lambda Fraternity. Define Sensibilities! I attended social events, fundraising, parties, and sporting events. Debated on Role-Playing Addiction Essay weekends, helped fundraise, won many tournaments.

References available upon request. There are quite a few things wrong with this resume. Well go through John Smiths resume step-by-step and identity versus show you where he made mistakes. Role-Playing! The Good: John Smiths contact information is for the most part, pretty good. He has his address, name, and contact information listed at the top of his resume.

Hes easily reachable and hiring managers will be able to contact him at any time by The American Education example phone or e-mail. The Not-So-Good: We recommend that John Smith includes an email that is personal and not directly linked to Role-Playing his university. A lot of houstons roosevelt field times, university emails have a tendency to Role-Playing Essay expire or change formatting. Also, when someone is entering the workforce and adulthood, he or she is going to The American Education Essay example want to get rid of ties that make you seem like theyre fresh out of college. Even though John just graduated, the .edu email gives off the Role-Playing Addiction Essay impression that hes still a student. If he gets a normal email address with his name in it, hell be much better served. The Good: It was a good idea for John to houstons field include the name of Essay his university.

Believe it or not, there are applications out there that do not have a university listed when they have an houstons roosevelt education section. The Not-So-Good: John should have included the degree and major that he earned. For example, a Bachelor of Addiction Essay Science (B.S.) in identity versus diffusion, Political Science would have been the right thing to write. Additionally, listing ones GPA is not necessarily a good idea. If John had earned a 4.0, then it might be alright; for Role-Playing the most part, its best to just leave it off. The Good: John listed his job title, place of edc hotels work, and tenure on his resume. Its important to have job tenure on Essay the resume because hiring screeners wont even consider you if you dont have it. Its the only way to gauge how much experience you actually have.

The Not-So-Good: Well, to point out the obvious, John has some typos on his resume. Thats always a one-way ticket to the no pile of resumes. Edc Hotels! Having typos or grammatical mistakes on your resume shows the hiring screeners that youre careless and not quite ready for the professional world. Role-Playing Essay! A resume is a document that illustrates your professional branding; its not some paper in college that you can turn in for a grade. The Vaccination Scandal! Additionally, John forgot to list his internships on his resume. Even though they are unpaid, they show that he has experience outside of part-time jobs that dont really play a role in his career. Addiction! You can still include them on The American Education example your resume when first starting out your job search, but internships that are relevant to Addiction Essay your career are whats going to be most important. Including those internships will also give the resume a sense of direction and focus. From this resume, its tough to figure out houstons roosevelt field, what Johns interests are or what he has experience in. Role-Playing Addiction! If John includes that he had a summer internship at a state senators office, it will help him when he applies to various staffer positions. Also, when it comes to roosevelt field the experience that he did list, he basically just reiterated his job duties.

This doesnt really tell the hiring screener anything. While we mention that a part-time job at his familys pizzeria may not be in Essay, his long-term plans, its still considered experience that he can utilize when applying to positions if he features it correctly. Instead of writing that he handled all cashiering duties and took orders, he should write something like, Interfaced with customers over the phone and in person, utilizing well-trained customer service skills. Statements like this help show the information technology hiring screener that you gained something applicable to other jobs from the experience. This applies to Essay jobs at all levels. You should never just list the duties of your job. The Good: It was a good idea for John Smith to edc hotels include that he was a part of the Role-Playing debate club on his resume. Houstons Field! Extracurricular activities show that you were active in college. Role-Playing Addiction Essay! If you excelled in them, they can really help out your application, even for your first professional job after college. Houstons Roosevelt! After that first job, though, extracurricular activities that you had in college wont really have a place on Role-Playing Addiction your resume.

The Not-So-Good: John didnt really show his significance when he listed these positions. If he was the president of his fraternity or the define sensibilities captain of the debate team, he should include that. If he didnt hold a leadership position there, he should still try to Essay show how he really made an impact within those organizations. Instead of saying, I attended social events, fundraising, parties, and define sporting events, John could state, Served as fraternity treasurer and social chair, organizing massive fundraisers and brought in the most money to the fraternitys charity in Lambda Lambda Lambda history. In terms of the debate club, John could state, was ranked in Role-Playing Addiction, the top ten debaters in the college circuit for the state of Michigan for all four years. While this is an example of define a bad college resume, we understand that resume mistakes should be considered on Role-Playing Essay a case-by-case basis. That being said, its never a bad idea to read and revise your resume to make sure that you can keep up with the houstons field competition.

Thank you for taking the time to read Employment BOOSTs Bad Resume Examples for College Students. We do encourage you to share this article with your colleagues, friends and Role-Playing business associates, they will thank you one day! Vice President Resume Mistakes Keeping You Out Of The C-Suite. Define! 05/07/2016 10/20/2016 by Employment Boost. Resume Layout Mistakes That Blackhole Your Resume. 04/17/2016 10/20/2016 by Employment Boost. Hidden Resume Mistakes You Need To Uncover ASAP. 04/13/2016 10/20/2016 by Employment Boost. Consulting Resume Mistakes Management Consultants Can Avoid. 08/25/2015 10/20/2016 by Employment Boost.

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Gospel Topics Essay: Translation and Historicity of the Role-Playing Addiction Book of Abraham. Note: The Mormon Church began publishing essays on a variety of historical and doctrinal issues. Houstons Roosevelt. To see an Addiction Essay, overview of the articles, you can go here: Gospel Topic Essays: Fixing History? In this review of an article titled Translation and Historicity of the Book of Abraham: A Gospel Topics Essay, the entire article will be cited (all underlined), with my comments throughout. Here is the 5-part Viewpoint on Mormonism series broadcast during the week of December 1, 2014: The Church of Jesus Christ of houstons roosevelt field, Latter-day Saints embraces the Role-Playing book of Abraham as scripture. Before we go any further, I must comment on the word embraces . How can the Mormon Church leaders embrace the Book of Abraham? After all, this book in the LDS canon is information perhaps the biggest reason church members leave Mormonism. There is Essay plenty of evidence to show the Book of Abraham is roosevelt fraudulent, a false bill of sales, an invitation to join a Ponzi scheme, and so much worse. If the church embraces this book, then we must wonder why so very little has been said about it at General Conferences held since the Essay 1970s. Rather, I believe this part of LDS scripture is an embarrassment to the church, so dont be fooled by this statement.

As far as the reference to houstons roosevelt the book of Abraham, Im not sure why the small letter b is used. The Book of Mormon is always capitalized. And although many sources on lds.org dont capitalize the word book, others do. (For example, see here.) It is also capitalized in the explanatory note preceding the book in the LDS canon ( A Translation of some ancient Records that have fallen into our hands from the catacombs of Egypt. The writings of Abraham while he was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by Essay his own hand, upon papyrus.) The media traditionally capitalize it (i.e. see here and houstons roosevelt field here). Even LDS apologists capitalize it. No explanation is given for making it lowercased, but in Role-Playing, this article, I will retain the traditional capitalized Book of Abraham and leave the underlined portions intact. This book, a record of the biblical prophet and patriarch Abraham, recounts how Abraham sought the blessings of the The American and Improvements Essay example priesthood, rejected the idolatry of Role-Playing Addiction, his father, covenanted with Jehovah, married Sarai, moved to Canaan and houstons roosevelt field Egypt, and received knowledge about the Creation. The book of Abraham largely follows the Role-Playing biblical narrative but adds important information regarding Abrahams life and teachings. This isnt the first time where a church publication lifted the Book of Abraham to a lofty position.

A church manual boasts: The book of Abraham is an evidence of the inspired calling of the Essay Prophet Joseph Smith. It came forth at a time when the study of the ancient Egyptian language and culture was just beginning. The scholars of the 1800s had scarcely begun to explore the field of Egyptology, and yet, with no formal training in ancient languages and no knowledge of ancient Egypt (except his work with the Book of Mormon), Joseph Smith began his translation of the ancient manuscripts. His knowledge and ability came through the power and gift of God, together with his own determination and faith. ( Pearl of Great Price Student Manual Religion 327 , 2000, p. 29). Another one states:

In 1967 eleven fragments of the Joseph Smith papyri were rediscovered by Doctor Aziz S. Essay. Atiya, in edc hotels, the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Studies of them have confirmed that they are mainly ancient Egyptian funerary texts of the sort commonly buried with royalty and nobility and designed to guide them through their eternal journeyings. This has renewed the question about the connection between the records and Role-Playing the book of Abraham. Houstons. Joseph Smith did not explain the method of translating the book of Abraham, just as he did not explain fully how the Book of Mormon was translated. Addiction. Nevertheless, like the Book of Mormon, the versus role book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about through the gift and power of God ( Church History in the Fulness of Times: Religion 341-43 , p. 258). According to Role-Playing Essay these manuals, Smith was inspired. Even though these are mainly Egyptian funerary texts and not writings from the patriarch Abraham, the reader is supposed to believe that the book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about through the gift and power of God. So what do we do with the houstons Book of Abraham? There are only two possibilities: 1) Joseph Smith really did receive authentic papyri that contained the Essay writings of Abraham. 2) Joseph Smith really never had papyri with writings of Abraham.

For the identity versus role diffusion sake of argument, lets assume the first possibility is correct and Smith did receive authentic papyri filled with the words of Abraham. Addiction. If this is the case, then we still have two more possibilities: 1) Joseph Smith really did know how to translate these Egyptian hieroglyphics and put them into English, which we have today and technology ethical issues found in the Book of Abraham. 2) Joseph Smith really did not know how to translate these Egyptian hieroglyphics. If Joseph Smith never had papyri with writings of Abraham, we are left with three possibilities. Joseph Smith was. As the Gospel Topics essay explains, the Mormon Church continues to embrace the book of Role-Playing Essay, Abraham as scripture. In other words, a person must have faith that this book is define authentic (#1 in the first scenario) and translatable by the hand of Joseph Smith (#1 in the second scenario).

If the second possibility in Addiction, either scenario is correct, then the versus role Book of Abraham is not what it is touted to be by LDS Church leaders. The book of Abraham was first published in 1842 and was canonized as part of the Pearl of Great Price in 1880. The book originated with Egyptian papyri that Joseph Smith translated beginning in 1835. Many people saw the papyri, but no eyewitness account of the translation survives, making it impossible to reconstruct the process. Only small fragments of the long papyrus scrolls once in Joseph Smiths possession exist today. The relationship between those fragments and the text we have today is largely a matter of conjecture. Lets provide a little background.

In July 1835 Joseph Smith met a traveling showman by the name of Michael H. Chandler who was displaying four Egyptian mummies in Role-Playing Essay, Kirtland, Ohio. Along with the mummies, Chandler possessed two rolls of papyri that contained a number of edc hotels, hieroglyphics, which he sold to the Mormons for $2,400. The next day, Smith proclaimed that the manuscripts were actually written by none other than two Old Testament patriarchs: I commenced the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics, and much to Addiction our joy found that one of the rolls contained the writings of Abraham, another the writings of Joseph of Egypt, etc. ( History of the Church, 2:23536.) To stumble on such an incredible find was, in itself, an amazing stroke of what Mormons would view as divine providence. Edc Hotels. Imagine for a moment what a discovery this would be if, in Role-Playing, fact, Smith had really come across the writings of Abraham and houstons Joseph. They would be priceless, predating the Book of Genesis by Role-Playing Addiction about five hundred years. If, as some LDS leaders believed, the Book of Abraham was actually written by and Improvements the patriarch himself, they would be the only autograph manuscripts of biblical personalities currently available. For example, President Wilford Woodruff said,

The Lord is Blessing Joseph with Power to reveal mysteries of the kingdom of God; to translate through the urim and Thummim Ancient records Hyeroglyphics as old as Abraham or Adam. Role-Playing Essay. . Roosevelt. . Role-Playing Addiction Essay. . The Vaccination Scandal. Joseph the Seer has presented us some of the Book of Role-Playing Essay, Abraham which was written by his own hand but hid from the knowledged of man for the last four thousand years. . . . (Susan Staker, ed., Waiting for Worlds End: The Diaries of Wilford Woodruff (Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, 1993), 50-51. Ellipsis and spelling in original. For more information on The American and Improvements, this topic, see here.) Of the Addiction Essay two papyri, Smith chose to focus on Education example, the one he claimed was written by Addiction the patriarch Abraham, who, according to the text, supposedly held the priesthood well before it was even formulated by God in the days of the roosevelt Levites. In 1842 the Mormon periodical Times and Seasons printed everything that Smith was able to translate until that time. These were the 1 March, 15 March, and 16 May 1842 issues of the Times and Seasons.

Circumstances would prohibit him from translating the rest of the Book of Abraham papyrus or the other papyrus that he called the Book of Joseph. In 1851 Smiths uncompleted translation was published as a part of the Pearl of Great Price . Essay. This was canonized in 1880, thus elevating the Book of Abraham to the level of LDS scripture. One of the major doctrines emanating from the Book of Abraham is the curse of Cain. Abraham 1:21-26 states, Now this king of Egypt was a descendant from the loins of Ham, and was a partaker of the blood of the define Canaanites by birth. From this descent sprang all the Egyptians, and thus the blood of the Canaanites was preserved in the land. The land of Egypt being first discovered by a woman, who was the daughter of Ham, and the daughter of Role-Playing Addiction, Egyptus, which in the Chaldean signifies Egypt, which signifies that which is forbidden; When this woman discovered the land it was under water, who afterward settled her sons in it; and thus, from Ham, sprang that race which preserved the curse in the land. Now the first government of Egypt was established by Pharaoh, the Scandal Essay eldest son of Egyptus, the daughter of Ham, and it was after the manner of the government of Ham, which was patriarchal. Pharaoh, being a righteous man, established his kingdom and judged his people wisely and justly all his days, seeking earnestly to imitate that order established by the fathers in the first generations, in the days of the Role-Playing Addiction Essay first patriarchal reign, even in the reign of Adam, and also of Noah, his father, who blessed him with the define blessings of the Role-Playing Essay earth, and with the The Vaccination Scandal blessings of wisdom, but cursed him as pertaining to the Priesthood. Smith used this passage in Role-Playing Addiction, 1836 to claim that those with African heritage had inherited this curse, the impetus for the later ban of Blacks from the information LDS priesthood. It wasnt until 1978 when this stringent ban was lifted. Today, however, no changes have been made to this portion of LDS scripture and the entire book remains in the standard works canon.

In 1966, eleven pieces of Smiths original papyri were discovered in Role-Playing Addiction, the Metropolitan Museum in information ethical, New York, which were later turned over to the LDS Church. This discovery would be a major blow to the idea that the Book of Abraham should be considered authentic scripture from the Role-Playing Essay patriarch. Thus, the The American and Improvements Essay Gospel Topics essay says that only small fragments of the long papyrus scrolls once in Joseph Smiths possession exist today and that there is a large segment of the scroll now missing. Such an assertion is Role-Playing simply not true. Egyptologists have said that, if anything is missing, it is example a minute fraction. When Smiths translation of the Egyptian hieroglyphics is considered, we can see that he had no clue as to what he was doing. For instance, he took one backwards E letterwhich, in the Egyptian, was part of a series of letters that mean pooland turned this letter into 73 words (Abraham 1:13-14). Addiction. In fact, this practice was common throughout his translation. Charles Larson states, On some occasions Joseph Smith separated a single Egyptian word to derive characters for his translation, while at other times he combined more than one Egyptian word into a single set of characters. In all cases his translation attributes a far more complex explanation to the Egyptian letters and words of Papyrus Joseph Smith XI than do professional Egyptologists, and Smith ascribes meanings to words which are totally unrelated to their actual denotation. Thus, Joseph Smiths translation is completely incorrect in both method and content. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 96)

The content of the writing is not even close to what Smith translates, a fact offered by David Persuitte: Papyrus No. XI and its associated pieces were actually a version of what is called the Egyptian Book of Breathings, or a Breathing Permit. The papyri upon which it is found are sometimes called Sen-Sen papyri because of the Egyptian word for The Vaccination Scandal breathing, which occurs frequently in the text. Role-Playing Addiction. The Book of Breathings represents an attempt by the Egyptians to consolidate those elements of their beliefs that were essential parts of their funeral rites. It was, in Essay, short, a sort of talisman that was buried with the dead to assure their well-being in the afterlife. ( Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon , 292). According to Dr. Addiction. Robert Ritner from the identity role diffusion University of Chicago, the Role-Playing Essay Book of Breathings is, for all intents and purposes, intact; there are no substantial missing pieces. He stated, Assuming no reason that this particular Book of Breathings scroll must be expanded much beyond the edc hotels surviving length, I have now read the entire document from the beginning to the end and have made up what one could make out on the poor copy of the final vignette.

The most that is missing from this text is simply two columns of Egyptian hieratic and possibly a small vignette, but other than that there would be nothing more that would inflate its current length other than its current size. It is both unprecedented and unreasonable to Addiction Essay assume that an intrusive text about a completely different matter, a narrative history about Abraham and his descendants, would have been inserted into a document whose beginning, middle, and end is devoted specifically to the resurrection of an Egyptian priest. It would disrupt the document and Scandal Essay have nothing to do with this content. ( The Lost Book of Abraham , quoted at 40 minutes) Ill quote Dr. Ritner elsewhere in this paper, as he is an Egyptologist who is most willing to talk about this specific Book of Role-Playing Essay, Abraham issue. Edc Hotels. As a scholar, he is not very impressed with the scholarship of the Role-Playing Addiction Essay Mormon community, and identity versus the Gospel Topics essay did not convince him that the Role-Playing Book of Abraham is authentic. In a review of the houstons essay called A Response to Translation and Historicity of the Book of Abraham,' Dr. Ritner wrote: The recent web posting on Addiction Essay, the Book of Abraham by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- Day Saints (hereafter the LDS church) represents new reflection on a document whose authenticity as verifiable history is now officially acknowledged to be in serious dispute. Thus the position paper concludes with a concession by noting (unnamed) modern scholarly opposition to the Book of Abraham, followed by a defense against any such scholarly debate: The veracity and value of the book of Abraham cannot be settled by scholarly debate concerning the books translation and historicity. Rather, the The Vaccination truth of the book is sought in ways that cannot be verified externally, relying exclusively upon traditional faith: a careful study of its teachings, sincere prayer, and the confirmation of the Spirit.

Such a declaration may seem reasonable to those already predisposed to accept it, but on closer reading, the Role-Playing Addiction Essay LDS church posting suggests discomfort with its own conclusions and reasoning. Not a single opposing scholar is mentioned by name, nor are their reasons for houstons field rejecting the Book of Abraham. Yet the LDS paper attempts to engage in Essay, scholarly debate from a one-sided position, repeatedly citing in the footnotes the same limited set of apologists who are primarily church employees at BYU in Provo. Edc Hotels. The significance of Addiction Essay, these apologetic publications will be discussed below. Essay. If scholarly dispute over translation and historicity is ultimately irrelevant, why bother to devote extended paragraphs to rebuttals of unmentioned objections on Translation and the Book of Addiction, Abraham, The Papyri, and The Book of define, Abraham and the Ancient World? According to Dr. Ritner, the works cited for Role-Playing Addiction this paper is not much different from the LDS scholars who have been attempting to edc hotels defend their scripture over the years. This makes sense because, most likely, these same scholars are the ones who probably wrote the unattributed Gospel Topics essay in the first place! These Mormon scholars have created a number of theories have been proposed over the years to prop up the efficacy of the Book of Abraham. In fact, consider the Role-Playing Hidden Meaning theory, the Mnemonic Device theory, the Any Egyptian Connection theory, the The Vaccination Essay Scribes Did It theory, the Missing Black and Red Scroll theory, the Mistaken Identity theory, the Addiction Catalyst Theory, and the Nobody Really Understands Egyptian Anyway theory. Some of these theories are as far-fetched as Bigfoot eating the The Vaccination Essay Loch Ness Monster.

Not one of these theories has been able to hold up when the evidence is considered. (See chapter 11 (The Intellectual Approaches) in By His Own Hand Upon Papyru s by Charles Larson for explanations of each theory.) Instead of focusing on missing pieces of the Book of Abraham (for which there is little evidence), perhaps LDS scholars and apologists should be dealing with the problems caused by what we is available. Absolutely nothing that we have today provides any support for Smiths LDS scripture. We do know some things about the Role-Playing Essay translation process. The word translation typically assumes an versus role diffusion, expert knowledge of multiple languages. Joseph Smith claimed no expertise in any language. He readily acknowledged that he was one of the weak things of the world, called to speak words sent from heaven. Speaking of the translation of the Book of Mormon, the Lord said, You cannot write that which is sacred save it be given you from me. The same principle can be applied to the book of Essay, Abraham. The Lord did not require Joseph Smith to information technology have knowledge of Egyptian. By the gift and power of God, Joseph received knowledge about the life and teachings of Abraham. The LDS article explains how Smith claimed no expertise in any language, including Egyptian. Addiction. By making this admission, the argument maintains that Smith must have been given divine revelation to identity role diffusion make his Book of Role-Playing Addiction, Abraham translation.

After all, he had previously done this a few years before with the reformed Egyptian text of the identity versus diffusion Book of Mormon, which he claimed he did by the gift and power of God. And voila, here are the same words being used in this essay to show how his divine inspiration (rather than his understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphics) allowing him to make his translation of the Book of Abraham. Is this a coincidence? Hardly. Comparing the Book of Role-Playing Addiction, Mormon to the Book of Abraham, Christian author H. Michael Marquardt states: Only part of the original 1829 manuscript of the edc hotels Book of Mormon pages of the dictated text is extent. We do not have the gold plates to determine how accurate Joseph Smiths dictation from the Egyptian was. But we do have the Egyptian papyri, Joseph Smiths Egyptian Alphabet, and the Book of Abraham Translation Manuscripts. Role-Playing Addiction. These later manuscripts together with Joseph Smiths journal and knowing when his scribes worked with him all place the dictation process in the last half of 1835.

With all of this historical background we have enough information to examine Joseph Smiths competence with the ancient Egyptian language. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 407.) Lets consider how the LDS prophet was able to The Vaccination get away with this ploy. In Smiths day few people could have been considered experts in the field of Egyptology. The famous Rosetta Stone, currently on display at the British Museum in London, was discovered accidentally in 1799 by Napoleons troops in Egypt. Essay. A number of scholars worked for years to decipher the stone, which contained hieroglyphic Egyptian, demotic Egyptian, and Greek characters. Finally, Jean Francois Champollion announced his results in 1822. Yet getting this information communicated to a general population would take many years before the Information Age took place.

As Dr. Ritner explains: In the 1840s in the United States, the ancient Egyptian language was virtually unknown. It had only Scandal Essay, been to be deciphered in 1822 and that knowledge simply had not crossed the Atlantic. Essay. So any interpretation given to an Egyptian document in 1842 or 45 or 50 or even 1860 would have been believable to a general audience. We would have no way of comparing it with the actual truth ( The Lost Book of Abraham, 14 minutes in) By 1861, T. Information. Deveria had noted a series of anachronisms and Role-Playing absurdities in the supposed translations and The Vaccination Scandal woodcut vignettes, and in 1912 a solicitation for professional opinions on Role-Playing Addiction Essay, the matter drew uniformly derisive assessments from define A. Role-Playing Essay. H. Sayce, W. M. Houstons. F. Petrie, J. Role-Playing. H. Breasted, A. C. Mace, J. Scandal Essay. Peters, S. A. B. Mercer, E. Meyer, and F. W. von Bissing Dr. Ritner did an extended study on the different papyri that were discovered in 1967. As far as Facsmilies 1 and 2, he writes: Comparison of the surviving initial vignette of the Hor papyrus with Facsimile 1 proves beyond doubt, as the LDS web post agrees, that it was the vignette that became facsimile 1. However, neither Facsimile 1 nor 2 is a true copy, and both contain added forgeries, including the human-head and knife of the supposed idolatrous priest of Role-Playing Essay, Elkenah (Fig. 3 on Facsimile 1) as can be seen in the crude pencil additions to the original papyrus sheet as mounted and improved for publication by the LDS church in 1842.

NOTE: Go here to see an excellent portrayal of Facsimiles 1-3 by roosevelt Infographics. In a video, he explained, What this document really is is an extended prayer on behalf of Addiction Essay, a deceased Egyptian priest, which begins with an invocation to the god of mummification, probably, certainly with a picture of the edc hotels god of mummification, to ensure the priests continued existence into the next world, and then its followed by a series of statements where Oh deified Horus, may you walk as you head down in life, may your ears function, may your eyes function, may the gods receive you. Long series of Essay, invocations on this, essentially assuring that this dead priest is able to function in death as he had in life, but now as part of a company of the ancient Egyptian gods. Information Technology Ethical. Abraham is not mentioned once. ( The Lost Book of Abraham video, 38 minutes in) Smiths papyrus was both torn and attached to a backing that held it in place. Role-Playing Addiction. On the backing someone, possibly Smith, filled in areas that were missing. An examination of Joseph Smiths Facsimile No. 1 exposes a number of discrepancies between Smiths interpretation and that of modern Egyptologists. Smith claimed that the facsimile portrays Abraham lying on an altar. Standing next to him is the edc hotels idolatrous priest Elkanah who holds a knife in his hand.

Smith claimed that Elkanah was attempting to offer Abraham as a sacrifice. Below the altar are figures that Smith describes as idolatrous gods. Smith named a bird that hovers above the head of Abraham as the angel of the Lord. Richard A. Parker, once the chairman of the department of Role-Playing Essay, Egyptology at Brown University, disagreed with Smiths assessment. He claimed: This is a well-known scene from the Osiris mysteries, with Anubis, the jackal-headed god, on the left ministering to the dead Osiris on the bier. The pencilled(?) restoration is incorrect. Anubis should be jackal-headed. The left arm of Osiris is in information technology ethical issues, reality lying at his side under him.

The apparent upper hand is part of the wing of a second bird which is hovering over the erect phallus of Osiris (now broken away). The second bird is Isis and she is magically impregnated by Role-Playing Addiction the dead Osiris and then later gives birth to Horus who avenges his father and takes over information, his inheritance. The complete bird represents Nephthys, sister to Osiris and Isis. Beneath the Essay bier are the four canopic jars with heads representative of the four sons of Horus, human-headed Imseti, baboon-headed Hapy, jackal-headed Duamutef and falcon-headed Kebehsenuf. Edc Hotels. (Richard A. Role-Playing. Parker, The Joseph Smith Papyri: A Preliminary Report, Dialogue 3, no. 2 (summer 1968): 86.) For a comparison of Joseph Smiths interpretation of Facsimile 1 compared to what it really was, click here. Other problems develop when Facsimile No. 2 is considered. This circular drawing supposedly verified the LDS teaching that God lives near a planet called Kolob. Scandal Essay. Smith also claimed it gave reference to grand Key-words of the Priesthood. (Explanation of figure seven opposite Facsimile No. 2.) Key words are an essential part of the LDS temple ceremony.

Speaking specifically about Facsmilie 2, Dr. Ritner states, Facsimile 2 derives from a separate burial, for an individual named Sheshonq. Large portions of this published facsimile were improperly inserted from unrelated papyri. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. All of Smiths published explanations are incorrect, including the lone example defended by define sensibilities the new web posting. According to Egyptologist Stephen E. Thompson: Facsimile 2 is a drawing of an Role-Playing, Egyptian funerary amulet known as a hypocephalus, which was placed under the head of the role mummy and was intended to protect the head of the deceased, provide him with the Role-Playing suns life-giving warmth, and to make it possible for him to houstons roosevelt field join the Role-Playing Essay sun god Re in his celestial boat, and technology thereby insure his continued, pleasant existence in the next life. (Stephen Thompson, Egyptology and Addiction Essay the Book of Mormon, Dialogue 28, no. 1 (spring 1995): 14950.)

Thompson went on to say: Concerning Joseph Smiths interpretations of the figures in this facsimile, it has been stated that his explanations, are, in general, reasonable in light of modern Egyptological knowledge. A comparison of Smiths interpretations with current Egyptological scholarship shows that this statement is also incorrect. (Ibid., 150.) For a look at the translation of Facsimilie 2 by Smith versus what the Egyptian really said, click here. And for Facsimile 3, he writes, In Facsimile 3, Smith confuses human and animal heads and males with females. No amount of special pleading can change the female Isis the great, the gods mother (Facsimile 3, Fig. 2) into the male King Pharaoh, whose name is given in the characters above his hand, as even the LDS author Michael D. Rhodes accepts. Here Smith also misunderstands Pharaoh as a personal name rather than a title meaning king, so he reads king king for a goddesss name that he claims to identity versus have understood on the papyrus!

For a look at Facsimile 3, click here. When the manuscript of the Book of Abraham became available in the 1960s, scholars were now able to investigate whether or not Joseph Smith was indeed a prophet inspired by Role-Playing Essay God with the ability to translate another language. As it turns out, Smith had no clue about the Egyptian language. Marquardt writes, Joseph Smiths work on The American Essay, his Book of Abraham Egyptian alphabet, seven years later shows that he could not understand or interpret documents written anciently. Role-Playing Essay. From examinations done by Egyptologists, their studies show that Smith had not the slightest idea what the Egyptian characters meant relating to names, places, and subject matter. These manuscript pages clearly show that Joseph Smith pretended to translate Egyptian records. The claim that they had been written by sensibilities the biblical Abraham is Role-Playing Addiction without a solid foundation. The manuscript pages show that Smith used the Bible like he did when he dictated the Book of Mormon text. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 406.) Egyptologists are unanimous that Smiths translation was inaccurate and that his source was, in fact, of pagan origin, having nothing to do with the patriarch Abraham. As Charles Larson explains,

Based on comparisons of the Metropolitan papyri to information technology ethical every available resource, including descriptions contemporary with Joseph Smith of the so-called Abraham and Joseph scrolls, as well as to a number of original translation manuscripts and other notes of the Essay time, the papyrus scroll Joseph Smith represented as containing the writings of define sensibilities, Abraham was shown to be merely a common pagan funeral papyrus of late date known as the Book of Breathings. The scroll thought to contain the writings of Joseph of Egypt was also identified as a typical late copy of the Role-Playing Addiction Essay Egyptian Book of the Bead, which had been prepared for a woman named Ta-shert-Min. Neither scroll ever had anything to do with the biblical patriarchs Abraham or Joseph, except in the mind of Joseph Smith. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 173-74.) He also wrote on page 175: Not a single word, thought, or concept from Joseph Smiths Book of Abraham, including his explanations of his three facsimiles, is in any way related to the subject matter of the common Egyptian funeral texts from which they were supposedly translated. Dr. Lanny Bell, who teaches Egyptology at Brown University, adds, From the evidence we have today, its quite safe to say that Joseph Smith did not have the Book of The Vaccination Scandal, Abraham or the Role-Playing Essay Book of Education and Improvements example, Joseph in front of him in the form of these papyri because they bear no relationship to the context of these stories or his translation. Their findings are exactly the same as the research given by Egyptologists going back to the 19 th century, including Dr. A. H. Role-Playing Addiction. Sayce (Oxford University), Dr.

W.M. Flinders Petrie (London University), Dr. James H. Breasted (University of Chicago), Dr. Arthur C. Mace (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), Dr. John Peters (University of Pennsylvania), Dr. Edward Meyer (University of houstons, Berlin), Dr. Role-Playing. Freidrick Freiheer Von Bissing (University of Munich), and Dr. Edc Hotels. Samnuel A. Addiction Essay. B. Mercer (Western Theological Seminary). (For these quotes, see What Every Mormon (and Non-Mormon) Should Know , written by Edmond C. Gruss and Lane A. Thuet, pp. 162-164.) In fact, we know of no reputable Egyptologist (outside of the LDS Churchs John Gee) who has accepted Smiths translation.

On many particulars, the book of Abraham is consistent with historical knowledge about the The American and Improvements example ancient world. Role-Playing Essay. Some of this knowledge, which is and Improvements example discussed later in this essay, had not yet been discovered or was not well known in 1842. Essay. But even this evidence of ancient origins, substantial though it may be, cannot prove the truthfulness of the edc hotels book of Abraham any more than archaeological evidence can prove the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt or the Resurrection of the Addiction Son of God. The book of Abrahams status as scripture ultimately rests on faith in define sensibilities, the saving truths found within the book itself as witnessed by Role-Playing Essay the Holy Ghost. This claim is very similar to one made in houstons, a 2000 church manual: The Prophet Joseph Smith never communicated his method of translating these records. As with all other scriptures, a testimony of the truthfulness of these writing is primarily a matter of faith. Addiction. The greatest evidence of the truthfulness of the book of The American and Improvements Essay example, Abraham is not found in an analysis of physical evidence nor historical background, but in Essay, prayerful consideration of its contents and power. Houstons. ( The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual Religion 327 , 2000, p. 28).

Ahh, so here we have it. Apparently a Mormon is encouraged to disregard any evidence that might weigh against the Book of Essay, Abraham. Lets take the examples given in information ethical, the essay regarding archaeological evidence: Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt: Of course, we have no archaeological evidence from the Exodus, nor would we expect to find anything. After all, the people of Israel were nomads for 40 years and Role-Playing did not build anything. Nothing will ever be found to support this biblical story. Its interesting that this example is used. New evidence continually comes up in the Holy Land to support the story of the Bible. Identity Diffusion. (For examples of Role-Playing Essay, evidence found in 2013, see here.) It is The American and Improvements example possible to visit Jericho, Ai, Caesarea, and Bet Shean to get an idea of what took place thousands of years ago. Role-Playing. Certainly an element of faith is needed to accept the role events and people talked about in the Bible, but the Role-Playing historical/archaeological evidence is a huge support. In fact, there is much more to support the Bible than the Book of Mormon, for The American and Improvements Essay that matter! The Resurrection: Talk about Essay, evidence!

According to Paul in the fifteenth chapter of The Vaccination Scandal Essay, 1 Corinthians: 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and Essay that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the define twelve: 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of Role-Playing Addiction, whom the edc hotels greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. 7 After that, he was seen of James; then of The Vaccination Scandal, all the apostles. Role-Playing Essay. 8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of Essay, due time. There is good historical evidence for the resurrection.

Of course, it still takes faith. But the leap of faith is a jump into Role-Playing Essay, the light, not the darkness. (For a fuller depiction of reasons why a person should believe in the resurrection, click here.) These cases are much different from the faith a person must have to believe in the Book of Abraham, for which the evidence screams fraud rather than lending support to its veracity. The Bible is very clear that we must test everything (1 Thess. 5:21). Indeed, we are supposed to test the spirits to see if they are true for many false prophets have gone out into the world (1 John 4:1). Jesus described in the Sermon on the Mount how there are many false prophets masquerading as sheep when they are really ravenous wolves. When the Bereans tested what Paul taught them in Acts 17, they were considered nobler than the Thessalonians because they went to edc hotels scripture to ascertain truth. To suggest, as this essay seems to Role-Playing do, that the facts ought to take a back seat to faith is flawed, no matter how spiritual a Mormon may think it sounds. At this point, I want to bring something up about the language. And Improvements. The Jews in those days spoke Hebrew.

There is no evidence a Jew ever wrote using Egyptian hieroglyphics. It would seem that Moseswho authored the Essay Pentateuchis the more likely candidate to have written in Egyptian since he grew up in the palace of Pharaoh! Of course, Abraham did travel to Egypt, as recorded in Genesis chapter 12, and even stayed there for a short time. But this was not the land of his friends and information technology issues family. Addiction. Instead, it was a place where, according to Abraham 1:5, the worshiping of the gods of the heathen was common. Thus, a Mormon needs to ask why Abraham would have written in example, a non-native language and style (hieroglyphics) belonging to pagans who worshiped other gods.

It is also curious that, just by chance, these very words of Abraham found their way to Kirtland, Ohio, and into the hands of Role-Playing Addiction Essay, a man who just so happened had the ability to translate them. Yet the English of the Book of Abraham is completely out of identity role, context with the Role-Playing Egyptian style. Dr. Houstons. Ritner explains that the Role-Playing Addiction Essay translation provided by Smith is information issues just like trying to mix Chinese and Ethiopian: The narrative style of the Book of Abraham does not correspond to Egyptian verbiage. Its not the kind of thing Egyptians would say, they wouldnt say it in Role-Playing Essay, that way, and it certainly would never appear in that way in a context such as this. It couldnt possibly be more out of define, place. ( The Lost Book of Abraham , 40 minutes in)

Well consider more details that are detrimental to the Book of Abraham, and when everything is put together, the chances the Book of Abraham is authentic scripture lands between slim and none. The Book of Abraham as Scripture. Thousands of years ago, the prophet Nephi learned that one purpose of the Book of Mormon was to establish the Role-Playing Addiction truth of the Bible. In a similar way, the book of Abraham supports, expands, and clarifies the define biblical account of Abrahams life. In the Role-Playing Addiction biblical account, God covenants with Abraham to make of Scandal Essay, thee a great nation. The book of Essay, Abraham provides context for that covenant by showing that Abraham was a seeker of great knowledge and a follower of righteousness who chose the right path in The American, spite of great hardship. He rejected the Role-Playing Essay wickedness of his fathers household and spurned the idols of the surrounding culture, despite the threat of death. In the Bible, Gods covenant with Abraham appears to begin during Abrahams life. According to the book of Abraham, the covenant began before the foundation of the earth and was passed down through Adam, Noah, and other prophets. Abraham thus takes his place in a long line of prophets and edc hotels patriarchs whose mission is to preserve and extend Gods covenant on earth.

The heart of this covenant is the priesthood, through which the blessings of salvation, even of life eternal are conveyed. In order to Addiction believe that we have new things to learn about roosevelt, Abraham, a person must trust that this book is true. To get to this point, Joseph Smith must be trusted. When we look at the life of the Mormon founder, doubts should be placed in our minds. The book of Addiction, Abraham clarifies several teachings that are obscure in edc hotels, the Bible. Life did not begin at birth, as is commonly believed. Prior to Role-Playing Essay coming to earth, individuals existed as spirits. In a vision, Abraham saw that one of the The Vaccination Scandal spirits was like unto God. This divine being, Jesus Christ, led other spirits in Role-Playing Essay, organizing the earth out of materials or preexisting matter, not ex nihilo or out of nothing, as many Christians later came to define believe. Abraham further learned that mortal life was crucial to Role-Playing Addiction Essay the plan of happiness God would provide for His children: We will prove them herewith, God stated, to see if they will do all things whatsoever the edc hotels Lord their God shall command them, adding a promise to Addiction Essay add glory forever upon the faithful.

Nowhere in the Bible is the purpose and potential of earth life stated so clearly as in define sensibilities, the book of Role-Playing, Abraham. A quick scan through the Education Essay third chapter of the Book of Abraham (where the information from this part of the Essay essay came) can easily show how Joseph Smith merely took verses from The Vaccination Essay other parts of the Old Testament and restated them here. Writes Marquardt, While dictating the Book of Abraham (what is now chapter 2) Joseph Smith used the KJV Genesis as a guide and text for part of his story. The actual wording in the story suggests the use of Genesis in Role-Playing Essay, composing this work. This would indicate that the edc hotels wording dictated was basically a copying effort of a preestablished text. At times he revised the KVV text to make it an autobiographical account by Role-Playing Addiction Essay Abraham. The wording as printed in the KJV was used as part of the text Abraham supposedly wrote by his own hand. It is clear that Joseph Smith had the Bible open to the book of The Vaccination Scandal Essay, Genesis as he dictated this section of the Book of Abraham. Essay. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 402.) If a plagiarist wanted to make his writing sound biblical, what would keep him from copying key phrases and ideas from the book already in his hands?

Consider, for example, the following: 2:11: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee. (Compare Genesis 12:3.) 3:11: Thus I, Abraham, talked with the Lord, face to face, as one man talketh with another; and he told me of the works which his hands had made. Compare with Exodus 33:11 and Numbers 12:8. 3:14: And it was in the night time when the Lord spake these words unto me: I will multiply thee, and define sensibilities thy seed after thee, like unto these; and if thou canst count the number of sands, so shall be the number of Role-Playing Essay, thy seeds. Compare with Genesis 22:17. 3:23: And God saw these souls that they were good, and sensibilities he stood in Addiction Essay, the midst of them, and he said: These I will make my rulers; for information ethical he stood among those that were spirits, and he saw that they were good; and he said unto me: Abraham, thou art one of them; thou wast chosen before thou wast born. Compare with Jeremiah 1:5. 3:27: And the Lord said: Whom shall I send? And one answered like unto the Son of Man: Here am I, send me. And another answered and said: Here am I, send me. And the Lord said: I will send the first. Compare with Isaiah 6:8. But there are other odds parts to the Book of Abraham.

For example, in Addiction, Abraham 1:10, it reads, Even the and Improvements Essay thank-offering of a child did the priest of Pharaoh offer upon Addiction, the altar which stood by the hill called Potiphars Hill, at the head of the plain of Olishem. (Also see verse 20.) Potiphar was the husband of the woman who made it look like the biblical Joseph had tried to rape her. This event took place several generations after Abraham. Perhaps this hill could have been named after another Potiphar. But I have no doubt that Joseph got this name from the Bible. In Abraham 1:16, it reads, And his voice was unto me: Abraham, Abraham, behold, my name is Jehovah, and I have heard thee, and have come down to deliver thee, and to take thee away from thy fathers house, and from all thy kinsfolk, into a strange land which thou knowest not of. And Abraham 2:8 says, My name is Jehovah, and I know the end from the beginning; therefore my hand shall be over thee. It must be understood that Jehovah is an English word. The American Essay Example. It is not found in the Bible, as it is neither Greek or Hebrew.

Rather, the Role-Playing Addiction Essay word is a result of combining the Tetragrammaton (YHWH, a word for God) with Adonai, a Greek word meaning Lord. Combining the vowels from the Greek and inserting them into the Hebrew YHWH created Jehovah. This was done well after the time that both the Bible and the Book of Abraham were originally written. The Mormon must explain how the made-up English word Jehovah get into the Egyptian language when it was not even invented until a thousand years after Christ. In 2:16-17, it reads, Therefore, eternity was our covering and our rock and our salvation, as we journeyed from Haran by the way of Jershon, to come to the land of Canaan. Now I, Abraham, built an edc hotels, altar in the land of Jershon. However, Jershon is Role-Playing Addiction a Book of Mormon place name found in Alma 35 and is not mentioned once in the Bible. Neither Abraham nor Moses would have had knowledge of New World names. Is this just another way Smith added words he had already created to show that his new revelation added new details and The Vaccination was somehow necessary as a supplement to Genesis? Abraham 2:22-24 reads: And it came to pass when I was come near to enter into Egypt, the Lord said unto me: Behold, Sarai, thy wife, is Role-Playing Addiction a very fair woman to look upon; Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see her, they will sayShe is his wife; and they will kill you, but they will save her alive; therefore see that ye do on this wise: Let her say unto the Egyptians, she is thy sister, and thy soul shall live. According to the Book of sensibilities, Abraham, God told Abraham to lie. If true, this leads to two problems: 1) God is culpable of lying because he told someone (Abraham) to do this.

2) This contradicts the biblical version which, for whatever reason, leaves this part out completely. Then, referring to Role-Playing Essay the creation of the world in Abraham chapter 4 and 5, Abraham moves to the plural use of gods (i.e. The American And Improvements Essay. the Gods, organized and formed the heavens and Role-Playing Addiction Essay the earth, the Spirit of the Gods was brooding upon the face of the waters, and they (the Gods) comprehended the light, for it was bright, and the Gods called the light Day, and and the Gods ordered the expanse), using the plural instead of the singular for the creation of the world. Indeed, the versus Hebrew Elohim is plural, but no reputable translator has ever translated this word as gods. When it comes to the last two chapters of the Book of Abraham, nothing is unique. In fact, Abraham 4 and Addiction Genesis 1 are parallel. The Creation: Comparing Genesis 1 and Abraham 4.

Abraham 4:1: And then the Education and Improvements Lord said: Let us go down. And they went down at the beginning, and they, that is the Gods, organized and formed the heavens and the earth. Genesis 1:1: In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Abraham 4:2: And the earth, after it was formed, was empty and desolate, because they had not formed anything but the earth; and Role-Playing Addiction darkness reigned upon the face of the and Improvements Essay deep, and the Spirit of the Gods was brooding upon the face of the waters. Genesis 1:2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon Addiction, the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

Abraham 4:3: And they (the Gods) said: Let there be light; and there was light. Genesis 1:3: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. Abraham 4:4: And they (the Gods) comprehended the light, for ethical issues it was bright; and they divided the light, or caused it to be divided, from the darkness. Genesis 1:4: And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. Abraham 4:5: And the Gods called the light Day, and the darkness they called Night.

And it came to pass that from the evening until morning they called night; and from the morning until the evening they called day; and this was the Role-Playing Essay first, or the beginning, of information technology issues, that which they called day and night. Genesis 1:5: And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the Addiction evening and the morning were the first day. Abraham 4:6: And the Gods also said: Let there be an expanse in the midst of the roosevelt field waters, and it shall divide the waters from the Addiction waters. Genesis 1:6: And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. Abraham 4:7: And the Gods ordered the expanse, so that it divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so, even as they ordered. Genesis 1:7: And God made the firmament, and divided the edc hotels waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

Abraham 4:8 And the Gods called the expanse, Heaven. And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning that they called night; and it came to Addiction pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and this was the sensibilities second time that they called night and Role-Playing day. Genesis 1:8: And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and sensibilities the morning were the second day. Abraham 4:9: And the Role-Playing Addiction Essay Gods ordered, saying: Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the earth come up dry; and The American and Improvements Essay example it was so as they ordered; Genesis 1:9: And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. Abraham 4:10: And the Gods pronounced the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, pronounced they, Great Waters; and the Gods saw that they were obeyed. Genesis 1:10: And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

Abraham 4:11: And the Gods said: Let us prepare the Role-Playing Addiction earth to bring forth grass; the herb yielding seed; the edc hotels fruit tree yielding fruit, after his kind, whose seed in itself yieldeth its own likeness upon the earth; and it was so, even as they ordered. Genesis 1:11: And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon Essay, the earth: and it was so. Abraham 4:12: And the Gods organized the earth to bring forth grass from its own seed, and the herb to bring forth herb from its own seed, yielding seed after his kind; and the earth to bring forth the tree from The Vaccination Scandal Essay its own seed, yielding fruit, whose seed could only bring forth the same in itself, after his kind; and the Gods saw that they were obeyed. Genesis 1:12: And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. Abraham 4:13: And it came to pass that they numbered the days; from the evening until the Role-Playing Addiction Essay morning they called night; and it came to pass, from the morning until the edc hotels evening they called day; and it was the third time. Genesis 1:13: And the evening and Essay the morning were the third day. Abraham 4:14: And the Gods organized the lights in the expanse of the heaven, and caused them to divide the edc hotels day from the night; and organized them to be for signs and for seasons, and for days and for years; Genesis 1:14: And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to Essay divide the day from the night; and let them be for role diffusion signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years. Abraham 4:15: And organized them to be for lights in Role-Playing Addiction, the expanse of the heaven to give light upon the earth; and it was so. Genesis 1:15: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. Abraham 4:16: And the Gods organized the two great lights, the greater light to information rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; with the Role-Playing Addiction lesser light they set the stars also;

Genesis 1:16: And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the versus stars also. Abraham 4:17-18: And the Gods set them in the expanse of the heavens, to Addiction Essay give light upon the earth, and to rule over ethical, the day and over the night, and to cause to divide the Addiction Essay light from the darkness. And the Gods watched those things which they had ordered until they obeyed. Genesis 1:17-18: And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, and to information issues rule over Role-Playing Addiction, the day and over the night, and to define divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. Abraham 4:19: And it came to Role-Playing pass that it was from evening until morning that it was night; and sensibilities it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that it was day; and Role-Playing Essay it was the fourth time. Genesis 1:19: And the evening and define sensibilities the morning were the fourth day. Abraham 4:20: And the Gods said: Let us prepare the waters to bring forth abundantly the moving creatures that have life; and Essay the fowl, that they may fly above the earth in the open expanse of heaven. Genesis 1:20: And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and identity fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. Abraham 4:21: And the Gods prepared the waters that they might bring forth great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters were to bring forth abundantly after their kind; and Addiction every winged fowl after their kind.

And the Gods saw that they would be obeyed, and that their plan was good. Genesis 1:21: And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and diffusion God saw that it was good. Abraham 4:22: And the Gods said: We will bless them, and cause them to be fruitful and multiply, and fill the Addiction waters in the seas or great waters; and cause the fowl to multiply in the earth. Genesis 1:22: And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. Abraham 4:23: And it came to pass that it was from field evening until morning that they called night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and it was the fifth time. Genesis 1:23: And the Role-Playing Addiction Essay evening and define sensibilities the morning were the fifth day. Abraham 4:24: And the Gods prepared the earth to Addiction Essay bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth after their kind; and it was so, as they had said.

Genesis 1:24: And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and houstons creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. Abraham 4:25: And the Gods organized the earth to bring forth the beasts after their kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon Role-Playing Addiction, the earth after its kind; and the Gods saw they would obey. Genesis 1:25: And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon Scandal, the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. Abraham 4:26-27: And the Gods took counsel among themselves and said: Let us go down and form man in our image, after our likeness; and we will give them dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So the Addiction Essay Gods went down to organize man in their own image, in the image of the Gods to Scandal form they him, male and female to form they them. Genesis 1:26-27: And God said, Let us make man in Role-Playing Addiction Essay, our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the diffusion air, and over the cattle, and over all the Role-Playing Essay earth, and over edc hotels, every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Abraham 4:28: And the Gods said: We will bless them. And the Gods said: We will cause them to be fruitful and multiply, and Addiction replenish the earth, and The Vaccination Scandal subdue it, and to Essay have dominion over the fish of the sensibilities sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Genesis 1:28: And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and Role-Playing Addiction replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Abraham 1:29: And the Gods said: Behold, we will give them every herb bearing seed that shall come upon the face of all the earth, and every tree which shall have fruit upon it; yea, the sensibilities fruit of the tree yielding seed to them we will give it; it shall be for their meat. Genesis 1:29: And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. Abraham 4:30: And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, behold, we will give them life, and also we will give to them every green herb for meat, and all these things shall be thus organized.

Genesis 1:30: And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. Abraham 4:31: And the Gods said: We will do everything that we have said, and organize them; and behold, they shall be very obedient. And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning they called night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and they numbered the sixth time. Genesis 1:31: And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the Addiction evening and the morning were the define sensibilities sixth day. While its not word for word, Abraham chapter 4 directly correlates with Genesis 1. A coincidence? Obviously not. Smith was intent on changing the singular God with the Addiction Essay plural Gods. And at the end of each of the days, he used the same formula. Field. Yet Joseph Smith had a chance to change Genesis 1 in his Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible.

However, even though he translated this chapter just a couple years before, he did not use gods for Essay God. In a single stroke, Smith uses the identity versus role diffusion Book of Addiction Essay, Abraham to edc hotels contradict both the Bible and, for that matter, the Book of Mormon (which Smith called the most correct book on earth). This change goes against Role-Playing Addiction the very teaching of the Pentateuch, as its cornerstone is Deuteronomy 6:4. Called the Shemah, the most important verse in Jewish history clearly states, Hear O Israel, the Lord thy God, the Lord is information issues one. Jesus quoted this in Mark 12:29. Literally, it says that God is one essence; there can be no plurality of gods. To believe this is to acquiesce to the pagan gods of the surrounding nations. Throughout the Bible, God is Essay quite adamant that there are no gods before or after me (singular) in Isaiah 43:10, and in Isaiah 44:6-8, God claims to know of no other gods. Consider Genesis 1:26-27 in relation to Abraham 4:26-27. Bill McKeever explains. how a Mormon must demonstrate that the preincarnate Jehovah had a body of flesh and versus bones at the time the conversation in Genesis 1:26, 27 took place.

Tenth LDS President Joseph Fielding Smith admitted that Jesus did not always have a tangible body ( Doctrines of Salvation , 1:11). A statement issued in 1916 by the First Presidency and Council of the Twelve made it clear that, during the Role-Playing Addiction Essay preexistence, Christ did not have a tangible body. In all His dealings with the define human family Jesus the Son has represented and yet represents Elohim His Father in Addiction Essay, power and authority. This is true of Christ in His preexistent, antemortal, or unembodied state, in the which He was known as Jehovah. ( Messages of the First Presidency 5:31, 32. Also cited in the Encyclopedia of technology ethical, Mormonism 4:720, emphasis mine.) Speaking in conference in April 1921, Charles W. Penrose noted, The Holy Ghost is a personage of spirit, as Jesus Christ was when he was Jehovah. He was Jehovah from the Role-Playing Essay beginning of the world, according to the history we have in the Old Testament scriptures. He was a personage of technology ethical issues, spirit, and he came here to Addiction Essay the earth that he might be exactly like his brethren and like his Father, and have a body made out of the lower elements of the universe. ( Conference Report , p.12, emphasis mine). In making a similar distinction between the personages of the LDS godhead, Mormon Apostle Bruce McConkie wrote, The Holy Ghost has not a body of flesh and bones, however, but is a personage of Spirit. (DC 130:22.) He is thus a spirit man, a spirit person, a spirit entity. He lives and moves and has his being separate and apart from his fellow Gods.

His spirit body is in all respects comparable to the kind of a body that the Lord Jehovah possessed before that beloved and chosen one made flesh his tabernacle by the process of mortal birth. ( A New Witness for edc hotels the Articles of Faith , pp.253, 254, emphasis mine.) Notice that these LDS leaders concede that prior to His mortal birth, Jesus was unembodied and a personage of spirit. This is the Role-Playing Addiction key to discovering the identity versus diffusion error so many Mormons make when it comes to the Genesis passages. According to LDS teaching, Jehovah, the preincarnate Jesus, did not have a body until he became flesh by the process of mortal birth. That being so, it is wrong for Mormons to assume that the words image and likeness refer to flesh and bones since the Mormon Jehovah (and Mormon Holy Ghost) had no such image or likeness when the conversation in Genesis 1:26 took place. The Creation: Comparing Genesis 2 with Abraham 5. In the final chapter of the Role-Playing Addiction Essay Book of Abraham, an The Vaccination Essay, even closer copying of Genesis is made. Consider a verse-by-verse comparison:

Abraham 5:1: And thus we will finish the Role-Playing heavens and the earth, and all the hosts of them. Genesis 2:1: Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. Abraham 5:2: And the Gods said among themselves: On the seventh time we will end our work, which we have counseled; and we will rest on the seventh time from The Vaccination Essay all our work which we have counseled. Genesis 2:2: And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Abraham 5:3: And the Gods concluded upon the seventh time, because that on the seventh time they would rest from all their works which they (the Gods) counseled among themselves to form; and Role-Playing Addiction sanctified it. And thus were their decisions at the time that they counseled among themselves to form the heavens and the earth. Genesis 2:3: And God blessed the Education example seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Abraham 5:4 And the Gods came down and formed these the generations of the heavens and of the earth, when they were formed in the day that the Gods formed the Role-Playing Addiction Essay earth and information technology ethical issues the heavens, Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and Role-Playing of the and Improvements earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, Abraham 5:5: According to all that which they had said concerning every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and Addiction Essay every herb of the field before it grew; for the Gods had not caused it to rain upon the earth when they counseled to and Improvements do them, and Role-Playing Addiction Essay had not formed a man to till the ground.

Genesis 2:5: And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. Abraham 5:6: But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. Genesis 2:6: But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. Abraham 5:7: And the Gods formed man from the dust of the ground, and edc hotels took his spirit (that is, the mans spirit), and Role-Playing Essay put it into him; and breathed into his nostrils the breath of issues, life, and man became a living soul. Genesis 2:7: And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the Role-Playing Addiction breath of life; and man became a living soul. Abraham 5:8: And the Gods planted a garden, eastward in The American Education example, Eden, and there they put the man, whose spirit they had put into the body which they had formed. Genesis 2:8: And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. Abraham 5:8: And the Gods planted a garden, eastward in Eden, and there they put the man, whose spirit they had put into the body which they had formed. Genesis 2:8: And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. Abraham 5:9: And out of the ground made the Gods to grow every tree that is Role-Playing Addiction pleasant to the sight and good for food; the tree of life, also, in versus role diffusion, the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Genesis 2:9: And out of the ground made the Lord God to Role-Playing Addiction grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of edc hotels, good and evil.

Abraham 5:10: There was a river running out of Eden, to water the garden, and from thence it was parted and became into four heads. Genesis 2:10: And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. Abraham 5:11: And the Role-Playing Addiction Essay Gods took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden, to houstons dress it and to keep it. Genesis 2:15: And the Essay Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Scandal, Eden to dress it and to keep it. Abraham 5:12-13: And the Gods commanded the man, saying: Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat, But of the tree of knowledge of good and Essay evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the edc hotels time that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die.

Now I, Abraham, saw that it was after the Lords time, which was after the time of Kolob; for as yet the Gods had not appointed unto Adam his reckoning. Genesis 2:16-17: And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the Addiction garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Abraham 5:14: And the identity versus Gods said: Let us make an help meet for the man, for it is not good that the Role-Playing Addiction Essay man should be alone, therefore we will form an help meet for him. Genesis 2:18: And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. Abraham 5:15: And the field Gods caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and he slept, and they took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in the stead thereof; Genesis 2:21: And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;

Abraham 5:16: And of the rib which the Gods had taken from man, formed they a woman, and brought her unto the man. Genesis 2:22: And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. Abraham 5:17-18: And Adam said: This was bone of my bones, and flesh of Role-Playing Essay, my flesh; now she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of man; Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh. Genesis 2:23-24: And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Abraham 5:19: And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. Genesis 2:25: And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. Abraham 5:20: And out of the ground the Gods formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air, and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that should be the name thereof. Genesis 2:19: And out sensibilities of the Addiction Essay ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. Abraham 5:21: And Adam gave names to all cattle, to the fowl of the air, to every beast of the field; and for Adam, there was found an The American Education and Improvements, helpmeet for him. Genesis 2:20: And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.

Considering the parallels between Abraham chapters 3 and 4 and Genesis 1 and 2, it is Addiction obvious that Joseph Smith had his King James Version of the Bible open when making his translation of the Book of Abraham. The structure is clearly the Education same, while the Essay main change involves changing the singular God into a plurality of gods. Too many questions remain unanswered: If the Education and Improvements example book of Genesis was really written in Hebrew and the Book of Abraham in Egyptian, how could the translations be so alike? Why do no competent scholars translate the Hebrew Elohim into the plural gods? If the entire text became corrupted, when did it become corrupted? (Note: The Dead Sea Scrolls fragments of Genesis are very close to Addiction Essay the Masoretic text (AD 900) and do not lend itself to being translated gods) Why does the Book of Mormoncalled by Joseph Smith as the most correct book on earthnot correspond with such a translation? Because there are so many similarities, plagiarism screams out and takes ownership of this situation. Origin of the Book of Abraham.

The powerful truths found in the book of Abraham emerged from information technology issues a set of unique historical events. In the summer of 1835, an entrepreneur named Michael Chandler arrived at Church headquarters in Kirtland, Ohio, with four mummies and multiple scrolls of Role-Playing Addiction, papyrus. Chandler found a ready audience. Due partly to Essay the exploits of the Role-Playing Essay French emperor Napoleon, the antiquities unearthed in the catacombs of Egypt had created a fascination across the Western world. Chandler capitalized on this interest by touring with ancient Egyptian artifacts and charging visitors a fee to Scandal Essay see them. These artifacts had been uncovered by Role-Playing Essay Antonio Lebolo, a former cavalryman in the Italian army.

Lebolo, who oversaw some of the information technology issues excavations for the consul general of France, pulled 11 mummies from a tomb not far from the ancient city of Thebes. Lebolo shipped the artifacts to Italy, and after his death, they ended up in New York. Essay. At some point the mummies and scrolls came into Chandlers possession. By the technology ethical time the collection arrived in Kirtland, all but four mummies and several papyrus scrolls had already been sold. A group of Latter-day Saints in Kirtland purchased the remaining artifacts for the Church. After Joseph Smith examined the Role-Playing Addiction papyri and commenced the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics, his history recounts, much to our joy [we] found that one of the rolls contained the writings of Abraham. Translation and the Book of Abraham. Joseph Smith worked on the translation of the book of Abraham during the summer and fall of 1835, by which time he completed at least the first chapter and part of the second chapter. His journal next speaks of translating the role papyri in the spring of 1842, after the Addiction Essay Saints had relocated to Nauvoo, Illinois. All five chapters of the book of Abraham, along with three illustrations (now known as facsimiles 1, 2, and 3), were published in the Times and Seasons, the Churchs newspaper in Nauvoo, between March and May 1842.

The book of Abraham was the sensibilities last of Role-Playing Essay, Joseph Smiths translation efforts. In these inspired translations, Joseph Smith did not claim to know the ancient languages of the Essay records he was translating. Role-Playing Essay. Much like the Book of Mormon, Josephs translation of the book of Abraham was recorded in the language of the King James Bible. This was the idiom of scripture familiar to early Latter-day Saints, and its use was consistent with the Essay Lords pattern of revealing His truths after the manner of Role-Playing, their [His servants] language, that they might come to understanding. A person could make a translation similar to the King James Version of the Bible, but this wouldnt mean that the versus diffusion words would be (for the most part) word for word from the translation originally done in 1611. The point made in the following manual ought to be considered, as the LDS teacher is being instructed how to teach the difficulty of Addiction Essay, translating from The Vaccination Essay one language into Role-Playing Addiction, another: Write a simple sentence on the board and ask for a volunteer to translate it into any foreign language.

Then ask for a volunteer to translate a more difficult sentence (such as Abraham 1:2). Discuss some of the challenges involved in translating writings from one language to another. Invite students to look at Abraham Facsimile 1 and translate it into identity diffusion, a story line, without looking at the explanation below it. ( The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual Religion 327 , p. 35). This is exactly right. So here we have two resources: the Role-Playing Essay Bible (Genesis) and the Pearl of Great Price (the Book of Abraham). When we compare one translation (from Hebrew to English = Genesis) with another translation (from Egyptian to English = Abraham), we can see that there is much similarity with Abraham 4-5 and Genesis 1-2. For the most part, we can even safely say they use the same words and is, in many parts, written down word for technology ethical issues word. The main difference is Smith uses the plural gods for God, but otherwise everything else is the same. How can this be if there are many possible translations from Role-Playing Addiction Essay one language to identity versus another? Even if the two unique languages (Egyptian and Addiction Hebrew) were closely aligned in structure, the odds of having such similar translations are infinitesimally impossible.

Just as we can see in the Book of Mormons recitation of the King James Version of the Bible, the word-for-word copying is obvious. There is no coincidence if plagiarism is involved. Josephs translations took a variety of forms. Some of his translations, like that of the Book of Mormon, utilized ancient documents in houstons roosevelt, his possession. Other times, his translations were not based on any known physical records. Josephs translation of portions of the Bible, for example, included restoration of original text, harmonization of contradictions within the Bible itself, and inspired commentary.

Some Mormons want to distance themselves from a literal symbol-by-symbol translation of the Essay Book of Abraham. For example, in edc hotels, 1992, two LDS scholars wrote, Speculation nevertheless persisted as to the process Joseph may have used in translating the book, including the possibility that even if the Role-Playing papyri were not contemporary with Abraham they contained material that, under inspiration, turned Josephs mind back to information technology ancient Egypt and opened it to direct revelation on the experiences of Abraham. In that case, he may have received these ideas in much the same way he did those of the inspired revision of the Bible. Essay. In that instance, acting without original documents, the Prophets only claim was that by divine inspiration he was able to replace incorrect with correct ideas and restore the original biblical meaning (James B. Allen and edc hotels Glen M. Leonard, The Story of the Latter-day Saints , 1992, p. 77). Hold on a second. The preface to the Book of Abraham reads, A translation of Role-Playing Essay, some ancient records, that have fallen into our handsThe writings of Abraham while he was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by his own hand, upon papyrus. See History of the Church 2:235, 236, 348-35.

Charles Larson makes a good point when he says, All of these records show that he [Smith] intended the text of the Book of Abraham to Scandal Essay be regarded as nothing less than a direct, literal translation , which he had taken from Abrahams own papyrus record . . . .while Joseph Smith presented himself as able to translate and understand ancient languages, and specifically, while he claimed to have produced the Book of Abraham by translating the ancient Egyptian text from one of his papyrus scrolls, we now know that the Joseph Smith papyri are in fact pagan Egyptian documents unrelated to the biblical Abraham. Furthermore, if, as the 1992 Encyclopedia of Mormonism maintains, Joseph Smith received the Book of Abraham by revelation, not translation, why did he and his followers pay the Role-Playing enormous sum of $2400over $28,000 in edc hotels, 1992 U.S. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. dollarsfor pagan Egyptian papyri that have nothing to do with the biblical Abraham? ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 95) When the identity versus word translation is used, it infers that it came directly from the original source. If this is not the case, then why did the papyrus need to be found in the first place? If Smith could create the proper translation without the actual papyrus (or, for Addiction that matter, the edc hotels gold plates for Role-Playing Addiction the Book of Mormon), it seems as if the actual sources just dont matter. Some evidence suggests that Joseph studied the characters on the Egyptian papyri and attempted to learn the Egyptian language. The Vaccination. His history reports that, in July 1835, he was continually engaged in translating an alphabet to the Book of Abraham, and arranging a grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients. This grammar, as it was called, consisted of columns of hieroglyphic characters followed by English translations recorded in a large notebook by Josephs scribe, William W. Phelps. Another manuscript, written by Joseph Smith and Role-Playing Addiction Essay Oliver Cowdery, has Egyptian characters followed by explanations. The relationship of these documents to the book of Abraham is not fully understood. Neither the The Vaccination Scandal Essay rules nor the translations in the grammar book correspond to Role-Playing Addiction those recognized by Egyptologists today.

Whatever the role of the grammar book, it appears that Joseph Smith began translating portions of the book of Abraham almost immediately after the define purchase of the papyri. Role-Playing Addiction. Phelps apparently viewed Joseph Smith as uniquely capable of understanding the Egyptian characters: As no one could translate these writings, he told his wife, they were presented to President Smith. He soon knew what they were. Notice what is The Vaccination Scandal Essay said: Neither the rules nor the translations in the grammar book correspond to those recognized by Egyptologists today. Perhaps the Essay writer(s) of the Gospel Topics essay could have been more clear and stated, Egyptologists are clueless how Joseph Smith thinks that he actually translated the Book of Abraham from the papyrus he had in front of him. With a wave of the hand, the writer continues, Whatever the role of the grammar book In essence, the sensibilities grammar book doesnt play any role because it was filled with gibberish that nobody in the 1830s could have understood. After all, Egyptology was a new science that didnt begin until Napoleons troops discovered the Rosetta Stone in 1799.

Dr. Ritner explains what he calls the Addiction smoking gun courtesy of Jerald and Sandra Tanner of the Utah Lighthouse Ministry: Again in contrast to the new LDS statement, it is not true that no eyewitness account of the translation survives. Smiths secretary Warren Parrish wrote in edc hotels, an 1838 letter in the Painesville Republican: I have set (sic) by his side and penned down the Egyptian hieroglyphicks (sic) as he claimed to receive it by direct inspiration from Essay heaven. Smiths divine inspiration was not, however, divorced from a direct attempt to translate the information technology characters of the Role-Playing Egyptian papyrus, as is clear from surviving manuscript pages of the evolving text of the and Improvements Book of Abraham. Addiction. These pages, unmentioned in identity versus role diffusion, the new LDS church posting, were published in 1966 in microfilm reproductions and in Role-Playing, transcription by Jerald Tanner as Joseph Smiths Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar, Salt Lake City, Utah Lighthouse Ministry. These microfilm pages are the smoking gun evidence that resolves the history of the Book of Abraham translation process. In his introduction to the volume, Jerald Tanner records that his Modern Microfilm Co. Issues. was contacted in the early part of 1965 by a student at the Brigham Young University who had a typed copy of the Egyptian Alphabet hand copies, and that later in the year another man loaned us a microfilm of the original document. The microfilm reproductions found in the Tanner volume were printed from Addiction Essay masters produced in the early part of 1966, the same year that the Tanner volume was published. The dates of 1965-1966 are significant, because the microfilm edition contains not only the Egyptian Alphabet, but the evolving manuscript pages for the future Book of Abraham as well. These pages contain copies of Education and Improvements example, specific Egyptian text from the Role-Playing Breathing Permit of Hor, column 2. That section of the papyrus was not reproduced in the Book of Abraham or any other publication until the rediscovery of the Smith papyri in New York in 1967 and the publication of sepia photographs in The Improvement Era in January and Education and Improvements Essay February of 1968. The copies made in 1965 and 1966, and the 1966 publication by Role-Playing Addiction Essay Tanner, cannot then be forgeries since no forger could have had the unknown papyrus as a model to copy. Versus Role Diffusion. The equation of the Book of Abraham and the Breathing Permit of Hor is Role-Playing Addiction thus undeniable, and the source of edc hotels, Smiths nineteenth century composition is settled. Period.

The Tanner volume that first published these manuscripts is cumbersome to Role-Playing use as it lacks running pagination, but relevant manuscript pages are lettered J through M, with a second series labeled out of Scandal, order S, R, Q, N, P and O. Essay. Exactly like the Alphabet and Grammar, the The Vaccination Essay pages include copies of Egyptian script on the left corresponding to lengthy English on the right. But in Role-Playing Addiction, these texts, the English is the text of the edc hotels Book of Abraham as it was being modified and would be published, with obvious deletions and Role-Playing Addiction revisions in the handwritten English text. Also unlike the The Vaccination Scandal Essay Alphabet and Grammar hand copies, the Addiction Essay Egyptian script on most of these sheets is immediately clear and readily translated by modern Egyptologists. Without question, the translation efforts by Smith and his scribes were based directly on Smiths Egyptian papyri. After the Latter-day Saints left Nauvoo, the Egyptian artifacts remained behind. Joseph Smiths family sold the papyri and the mummies in information ethical issues, 1856. Essay. The papyri were divided up and sold to various parties; historians believe that most were destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

Ten papyrus fragments once in Joseph Smiths possession ended up in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. In 1967, the museum transferred these fragments to the Church, which subsequently published them in the Churchs magazine, the Improvement Era. The discovery of the papyrus fragments renewed debate about Joseph Smiths translation. The fragments included one vignette, or illustration, that appears in the book of Abraham as facsimile 1. Long before the fragments were published by the Church, some Egyptologists had said that Joseph Smiths explanations of the define sensibilities various elements of Essay, these facsimiles did not match their own interpretations of these drawings. Joseph Smith had published the facsimiles as freestanding drawings, cut off from the hieroglyphs or hieratic characters that originally surrounded the vignettes. The discovery of the fragments meant that readers could now see the hieroglyphs and The American Education and Improvements Essay characters immediately surrounding the vignette that became facsimile.

None of the characters on the papyrus fragments mentioned Abrahams name or any of the Essay events recorded in the book of Abraham. Mormon and non-Mormon Egyptologists agree that the characters on the fragments do not match the translation given in the book of Abraham, though there is not unanimity, even among non-Mormon scholars, about the proper interpretation of the vignettes on these fragments. Scholars have identified the papyrus fragments as parts of standard funerary texts that were deposited with mummified bodies. These fragments date to between the third century B.C.E. and the first century C.E., long after Abraham lived. Notice the edc hotels admission: both Mormon and non-Mormon Egyptologists agree that the characters on the fragments do not match the translation given in Role-Playing Essay, the book of Abraham. This is quite an admission, saying that Joseph Smith did not a) know Egyptian grammar; b) accurately translate the papyrus. Of course, the edc hotels fragments do not have to Addiction be as old as Abraham for the book of Abraham and identity diffusion its illustrations to be authentic. Ancient records are often transmitted as copies or as copies of copies. The record of Abraham could have been edited or redacted by later writers much as the Book of Mormon prophet-historians Mormon and Moroni revised the writings of earlier peoples. Moreover, documents initially composed for one context can be repackaged for Role-Playing Essay another context or purpose.

Illustrations once connected with Abraham could have either drifted or been dislodged from information technology ethical their original context and Role-Playing Addiction Essay reinterpreted hundreds of houstons field, years later in terms of burial practices in Essay, a later period of Egyptian history. The opposite could also be true: illustrations with no clear connection to Abraham anciently could, by revelation, shed light on the life and teachings of this prophetic figure. Some have assumed that the hieroglyphs adjacent to information and surrounding facsimile 1 must be a source for the text of the book of Abraham. But this claim rests on the assumption that a vignette and its adjacent text must be associated in meaning. In fact, it was not uncommon for ancient Egyptian vignettes to be placed some distance from their associated commentary.

Neither the Lord nor Joseph Smith explained the process of translation of the Role-Playing book of Abraham, but some insight can be gained from the Lords instructions to Joseph regarding translation. In April 1829, Joseph received a revelation for Oliver Cowdery that taught that both intellectual work and revelation were essential to translating sacred records. It was necessary to study it out in define sensibilities, your mind and then seek spiritual confirmation. Role-Playing Essay. Records indicate that Joseph and others studied the papyri and that close observers also believed that the translation came by revelation. As John Whitmer observed, Joseph the Seer saw these Record[s] and by the revelation of Jesus Christ could translate these records. Once more, a persons blind faith is requested. Unfortunately, as the church itself admits, There are no official Church explanations for the Abraham facsimiles besides the Prophet Joseph Smiths explanations that accompany them. ( The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual: Religion 327 , 35.) Knowing if it is a book really written by Abraham requires great faith, as a church history manual says that, like the Book of Mormon, the book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about through the gift and Scandal power of God. ( Church History in the Fulness of Time Student Manual Religion 341 -343, 258.) The Mormon is instructed to believe the prophet because he says hes a prophet who 1) saw God; 2) was given the Book of Mormon and Book of Abraham and translated these; and 3) received direct revelation from Role-Playing Essay God (DC). The Bible never requires that we have blind faith.

We have evidence to make a wise decisionsuch as the bodily resurrection (1 Corinthians 15). To believe someone is a prophet who translated funeral papyri as originating from the hand of Abrahamall because we study it out in our minds and seek spiritual confirmationis foolish. Could Smith be a wolf in identity, sheeps clothing, as Jesus warned in the Sermon on the Mount? It is likely futile to assess Josephs ability to translate papyri when we now have only a fraction of the papyri he had in his possession. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. Eyewitnesses spoke of a long roll or multiple rolls of papyrus. Information Technology. Since only fragments survive, it is likely that much of the papyri accessible to Joseph when he translated the book of Abraham is not among these fragments. The loss of a significant portion of the papyri means the relationship of the papyri to the published text cannot be settled conclusively by reference to the papyri.

This same claim has been made by LDS apologists, an apparent attempt to somehow get the Addiction Essay readers to think that, maybe somehow, the crux of the manuscripts are somewhere around. Thus, Mormons wonder if there could have been more that wasnt found. Was the papyri found in 1967 in a New York museum the define same papyri that Smith had in his possession? BYU professor Daniel Peterson wrote: Critics have long attempted to make a case against the Book of Abraham. They argue that some ancient texts do not support the book. They point to the fragments of the Joseph Smith papyri that we now possess and Essay claim that since the contents of these papyri bear little obvious relationship to technology ethical issues the book of Abraham, the book is a fraud; but Hugh Nibley has made an exhaustive study of these claims and has shown that the papyri we now have were probably not the ones from which Joseph Smith translated the book of Role-Playing, Abraham. ( Ensign, January 1994): 20.)

Christian researcher Charles Larson challenges this claim: And there could be no question that the Metropolitan papyri were indeed none other than the edc hotels ones which Joseph Smith had once purchased and used. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. The reverse sides of the paper to which they were glued contained such things as architectural drawings of a temple and maps of the Essay Kirtland, Ohio area. Role-Playing Essay. (Charles M. Versus Diffusion. Larson, By His Own Hand upon Role-Playing Addiction Essay, Papyrus (Grand Rapids, MI: Institute for Religious Research, 1992), 36. Could there have been more papyri? In his book Shaken Faith Syndrome , Michael R. Sensibilities. Ash writes, It is vital to understand that we do not have all the papyri that Joseph Smith had when he translated the Book of Abraham. Some of the papyri were burned in the Chicago fire and its possible that other fragments were lost or destroyed elsewhere. Yale-trained Eypgtologist, Dr.

John Gee, believes that Joseph Smith originally had five papyrus scrollsone of which was the hydrocephalus. Of these five scrolls, only eleven fragments of two scrolls are extant. (p. 115) Do they really think that more documents (conveniently destroyed, no less) will help their case? And if the other parts of the papyrus were somehow destroyed in a fire or lost, why did these survive? Even though its extremely unlikely that they are right, it ought to be pointed that what we do have proves Smith to be a fraud. Consider Abraham 1:12, which reads, And it came to Role-Playing Addiction Essay pass that the priests laid violence upon me, that they might slay me also, as they did those virgins upon this altar; and that you may have a knowledge of this altar, I will refer you to the representation at the commencement of this record. The figures as depicted in every Book of Abraham has this representation, and role diffusion Egyptologists say its not even close to what Smith claimed them to be! Referring to this passage from the Addiction LDS scripture, Ritner writes,

In addition, Facsimile 1 is sensibilities specifically referenced in the text of the Book of Abraham (1:12): that you may have a knowledge of this altar, I will refer you to the representation at the commencement of this record. That initial representation is Fig. 4 of Facsimile 1: The altar for sacrifice by the idolatrous priests, standing before the gods of Addiction Essay, Elkenah, Libnah, Mahmackrah, Korash, and the Pharaoh. Further links appear in Abraham 1:13-14, which describe the bedstead altar and foreign gods (actually canopic jars) in Facsimile 1, Figs. Houstons Field. 5-9. From these clear internal references, the LDS church is wrong to question whether the Role-Playing Addiction Essay vignette/ facsimile and its adjacent text must be associated in meaning. It is information technology ethical simply unacceptable to argue, as the new LDS posting does, that Facsimile 1 may not be relevant since it was not uncommon for ancient Egyptian vignettes to Role-Playing Addiction Essay be placed some distance from their associated commentary. The Abraham text states clearly that the representation was not at some distance, but at the commencement of this record. There is only one such representation included by The Vaccination Essay Smith at the commencement of the Book of Abraham. If he actually knew what he was doing, surely he would have copied the Role-Playing Addiction Essay correct illustration (which is keyed perfectly and repeatedly to the text). As far as John Gee, Dr. Ritner was his teacher, and hes not impressed with Gees analysis.

Dr. Ritner wrote, With regard to the articles by my former student John Gee, I am constrained to note that unlike the interaction between Baer and Nibley, and the practice of all my other Egyptology students, Gee never chose to share drafts of his publications with me to elicit scholarly criticism, so that I have encountered these only roosevelt field, recently. It must be understood that in these apologetic writings, Gees opinions do not necessarily reflect my own, nor the standards of Role-Playing Addiction Essay, Egyptological proof that I required at edc hotels Yale or Chicago. Alternatively, Josephs study of the Role-Playing papyri may have led to a revelation about key events and teachings in the life of Abraham, much as he had earlier received a revelation about the life of Moses while studying the Bible. This view assumes a broader definition of the words translator and translation. According to this view, Josephs translation was not a literal rendering of the papyri as a conventional translation would be. Rather, the physical artifacts provided an occasion for meditation, reflection, and revelation. They catalyzed a process whereby God gave to Joseph Smith a revelation about the life of Abraham, even if that revelation did not directly correlate to the characters on the papyri.

It is obvious why the Mormon Church needs to maintain the information Book of Abraham as authentic. As B. H. Roberts noted: . . . if Joseph Smiths translation of the Egyptian parchment could be discredited, and proven false, then doubt would be thrown also upon the genuineness of Role-Playing Essay, his translation of the Book of Mormon, and thus all pretensions as a translator would be exposed and come to The Vaccination Scandal naught. (B. H. Roberts, comp., Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2:138.) When it comes to Smiths translation, there is so much wrong associated with it. Addiction. Ritner stated, I want to be absolutely clear on this. There simply is no justification for the kind of interpretations that appear in facsimile one or facsimile three. They are wrong with regard to the hieroglyphs, they are wrong with regard to the gender, they are wrong with regard to the understanding of what the scene actually represents and where they are used in the body of the text. The American And Improvements Essay. They are wrong there as well. In short there is no historical validity for the interpretations in that book.

None whatsoever. In an article he states: The text is a formal document or permit created by Isis and copied by Role-Playing Essay Thoth to information ethical issues assure that the deified Hor regains the ability to breathe and function after death, with full mobility, access to Role-Playing Addiction offerings, and all other privileges of the immortal gods. Versus Diffusion. The implications, basic symbolism, and intent of the text are certain. There is no way that Smith was able to translate the Book of Abraham. Role-Playing. Everything in it was made up by him. Dr. Ritner concludes:

With the Book of Abraham now confirmed as a perhaps well-meaning, but erroneous invention by Joseph Smith, the LDS church may well devote some reflection to the status of the text. The former Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of ethical issues, Latter Day Saints, since 2001 renamed the Community of Christ, avoids this issue by treating the Book of Abraham as speculative writing by Smith, not as a document of historical truth. Role-Playing. In this decision they are clearly correct. Houstons Roosevelt Field. Despite its inauthenticity as a genuine historical narrative, the Book of Abraham remains a valuable witness to early American religious history and to the recourse to ancient texts as sources of modern religious faith and speculation. The book still has its uses and significance, but not for the ancient world of Addiction, Egypt and technology issues Abraham.

Feel free to speculate all you want about missing pieces, but Smith couldnt even accurately translate what there was in front of him. Shouldnt this be a concern for every Latter-day Saint? The Book of Abraham and the Ancient World. A careful study of the book of Abraham provides a better measure of the Role-Playing Addiction Essay books merits than any hypothesis that treats the text as a conventional translation. Evidence suggests that elements of the The American Education Essay example book of Role-Playing Essay, Abraham fit comfortably in ethical issues, the ancient world and supports the claim that the book of Abraham is an authentic record. A careful study of the Book of Abraham shows that Joseph Smith did not have the ability to read Egyptian hieroglyphics. Addiction. To suggest that the elements of the book of Abraham fit comfortably in the ancient world is true, if we consider that this is nothing more than ancient funeral papyri. Education And Improvements. But to say Smith knew how to translate this is just not true at all.

It is very similar to his translation of the Book of Mormon, as pointed out by David Persuitte: Like The Book of Addiction, Mormon , The Book of Abraham was the houstons roosevelt field product of an eclectic mind and reflects the beliefs and Role-Playing Addiction literature of Josephs own time. Moreover, as we shall see, recent findings about The Book of Abraham provide some rather revealing testimony about Josephs ability as a translator of unknown languages. If Smith did not know how to translate the define Book of Abraham, a text that is Addiction Essay available today, how should the Book of Mormon be perceived today? While the identity versus diffusion plates of the Book of Mormon were supposedly returned to Essay the angel Moroni, we do have some characters that supposedly were on the plates. Houstons Field. A paper with these characters was delivered to Dr. Addiction. Anthon Lund by Martin Harris. According to versus Persuitte, Competent philologist have examined copies of the scrap of paper containing the characters, and they agree that it is not an Egyptian inscription and that it is not written in Role-Playing Addiction, any other known script. . . . And Improvements Essay Example. Joseph obviously would have known at the time that any scholar that Harris would show the characters to would not be able to translate them. ( Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon , p. 73.) As Marquardt points out,

This places the question of how reliable his work on Addiction Essay, the Book of Mormon would be. The Book of Mormon is represented to have been written by the hand of a man named Mormon in a form of Egyptian. Without a working knowledge of the Egyptian language Joseph Smith would have us believe that he could make a correct interpretation of an ancient text. Whatever would come from his mouth as he dictated the Book of Mormon, Egyptian Alphabet, and Book of Abraham was considered inspired. All indications are that since Smith did not really translate from an ancient language in his work on the Book of Abraham he could not be trusted in his earlier dictation, when he reportedly had a record written in sensibilities, the same basic language. The material he produced indicates that he had a vivid and creative imagination as the dictated text to his religious documents shows. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 408) The book of Abraham speaks disapprovingly of human sacrifice offered on an altar in Chaldea. Some victims were placed on the altar as sacrifices because they rejected the Addiction Essay idols worshipped by their leaders. Recent scholarship has found instances of such punishment dating to technology ethical issues Abrahams time. People who challenged the standing religious order, either in Egypt or in the regions over which it had influence (such as Canaan), could and did suffer execution for their offenses. The conflict over the religion of Pharaoh, as described in Abraham 1:1112, is an example of Role-Playing Addiction, punishment now known to have been meted out during the Abrahamic era.

Just because human sacrifice should be considered wrong, certainly from a biblical worldview, does not mean that Smiths translation is even worth considering. The book of Abraham contains other details that are consistent with modern discoveries about the ancient world. The book speaks of the plain of Olishem, a name not mentioned in the Bible. An ancient inscription, not discovered and information technology ethical issues translated until the 20th century, mentions a town called Ulisum, located in northwestern Syria. Further, Abraham 3:2223 is Role-Playing Addiction Essay written in versus role, a poetic structure more characteristic of Near Eastern languages than early American writing style. Abraham 3:22-23 has nothing to do with the Near East. Addiction Essay. It borrows an idea found in Jeremiah 1:5 (Abraham, thou art one of edc hotels, them; thou wast chosen before thou wast born). Contrary to the Bible and the Book of Mormon, the Role-Playing Book of Abraham advocates an ex materia creation (out of houstons roosevelt field, already exiting materials).

Joseph Smiths explanations of the facsimiles of the Role-Playing book of Abraham contain additional earmarks of the ancient world. Facsimile 1 and Abraham 1:17 mention the and Improvements idolatrous god Elkenah. Elkanah is plagiarized from the Bible (1 Samuel 1:1; 1 Chronicles 6:23-27, 34-38) and is not unique to the Book of Abraham. Another example of Role-Playing Essay, plagiarism from the pen of Joseph Smith. This deity is not mentioned in the Bible, yet modern scholars have identified it as being among the identity versus diffusion gods worshiped by ancient Mesopotamians. Sounds impressive until we understand that the modern scholars are all LDS. The footnote to Role-Playing Essay this sentence reads: Kevin L. Barney, On Elkenah as Canaanite El, Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no.

1 (2010): 2235, available at maxwellinstitute.byu.edu; John Gee and Stephen D. Ricks, Historical Plausibility: The Historicity of the Book of Abraham as a Case Study, in Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, ed. Paul Y. Hoskisson (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2001), 75. Noticeably missing is any non-LDS Egyptologist agreeing with the LDS interpretation. Joseph Smith represented the four figures in figure 6 of facsimile 2 as this earth in edc hotels, its four quarters. A similar interpretation has been argued by scholars who study identical figures in other ancient Egyptian texts. Facsimile 1 contains a crocodile deity swimming in what Joseph Smith called the firmament over our heads. This interpretation makes sense in light of scholarship that identifies Egyptian conceptions of Role-Playing, heaven with a heavenly ocean. The sources, again, are all LDS. No Egyptologist supports such a view. The book of Abraham is consistent with various details found in nonbiblical stories about Abraham that circulated in the ancient world around the Scandal Essay time the papyri were likely created. In the book of Addiction, Abraham, God teaches Abraham about the sun, the moon, and the stars. I show these things unto thee before ye go into Egypt, the Lord says, that ye may declare all these words. Ancient texts repeatedly refer to Abraham instructing the Egyptians in knowledge of the heavens. For example, Eupolemus, who lived under Egyptian rule in the second century B.C.E., wrote that Abraham taught astronomy and identity versus role diffusion other sciences to the Egyptian priests.

A third-century papyrus from an Role-Playing, Egyptian temple library connects Abraham with an illustration similar to facsimile 1 in The Vaccination, the book of Abraham. A later Egyptian text, discovered in the 20th century, tells how the Pharaoh tried to sacrifice Abraham, only to Role-Playing Addiction be foiled when Abraham was delivered by an angel. Technology Ethical. Later, according to Addiction Essay this text, Abraham taught members of the edc hotels Pharaohs court through astronomy. All these details are found in Addiction, the book of Abraham. Other details in the book of Abraham are found in ethical issues, ancient traditions located across the Near East. Role-Playing Essay. These include Terah, Abrahams father, being an idolator; a famine striking Abrahams homeland; Abrahams familiarity with Egyptian idols; and Abrahams being younger than 75 years old when he left Haran, as the biblical account states.

Some of these extrabiblical elements were available in apocryphal books or biblical commentaries in identity versus, Joseph Smiths lifetime, but others were confined to nonbiblical traditions inaccessible or unknown to 19th-century Americans. Is it possible that a later writer (Smith) included this information that he took from the Bible? For instance, Joshua 24:2 said that Terah served other gods and therefore was an idolater. Smith was able to copy this into his translation. In fact, the Role-Playing Addiction Essay translator (Joseph Smith) is able to use any information he wants while adding additional details and houstons field make it look like he knew what he was talking about. The veracity and value of the Addiction Essay book of Abraham cannot be settled by scholarly debate concerning the houstons roosevelt field books translation and historicity. The books status as scripture lies in Role-Playing, the eternal truths it teaches and the powerful spirit it conveys. The book of Abraham imparts profound truths about the nature of God, His relationship to us as His children, and edc hotels the purpose of this mortal life.

The truth of the book of Abraham is ultimately found through careful study of its teachings, sincere prayer, and the confirmation of the Spirit. Once more, were left with the faith card. As Robert Ritner pointed out in his A Response to Translation. . . of the Book of Abraham,' Such a declaration [that the veracity of the Book of Abraham is to be found in prayer] may seem reasonable to Role-Playing Addiction Essay those already predisposed to accept it, but on closer reading, the LDS church posting suggests discomfort with its own conclusions and reasoning. Not a single opposing scholar is mentioned by name, nor are there reasons for rejecting the Book of Abraham. Yet the LDS paper attempts to engage in The American Essay, scholarly debate from a one-sided position, repeatedly citing in the footnotes the same limited set of apologists who are primarily church employees at BYU in Provo. Everyone is free to believe that Joseph Smith had the ability to translate from the papyri There is, however, absolutely no veracity and value of the Addiction Essay book of Abraham. The evidence points against the claim that he did so.

Much is at Scandal stake here for the LDS Church and her apologists. If Smith did not have the academic ability to Essay properly translate a common piece of Egyptian funerary papyrus, it would be doubtful that he had the translating ability to decipher the edc hotels reformed Egyptian supposedly contained in the Book of Mormon . What Charles Larson wrote in 1985 is true still today: The message coming from LDS spokesmen today appears to be more and more one of accommodation: If facts fail to justify faith (what one wishes to believe), then faith should overrule facts . This sort of thinking is evasive, and must be set aside if any real reckoning with the facts is to Addiction Essay take place. ( By His Own Hands Upon Papyrus , 169, 171) The discovery of the papyri that Smith used for the Book of Abraham puts serious doubt on Smiths translating ability and houstons roosevelt field his claim to being a prophet. As Larson puts it, Since the Joseph Smith Papyri have been identified with absolute certainty as prayers to pagan Egyptian gods, it is inconceivable, given Gods holy nature and character as revealed throughout the Bible, that He would associate Himself or His revelation in any way with these pagan religious documents.

Regardless of which of the above views of the Book of Abraham one holds, it is surely inconceivable that the God of the Bible would compromise his exclusivity as the Addiction one, true God by co-mingling His revelation with the idolatrous pagan teachings and rites of Egypt as expressed in the Joseph Smith Papyri. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 166) I agree with Sandra Tanner of Utah Lighthouse Ministry when she states, It is edc hotels time for the LDS Church to decanonize the Book of Abraham and admit that it is a product of Addiction, Joseph Smiths imagination. ( Salt Lake City Messenger , October 2014, Issue 123) Come clean now. The sooner, the better. For more information on sensibilities, this topic, we highly recommend checking this article out. In addition, see the DVD titled The Lost Book of Abraham, which can be viewed for free here. Essay. (Highly recommended.) The article by Robert Ritner is field also worth looking at here. For an excellent rebuttal to arguments made by the LDS apologetic group FAIR, go here.

Books that discuss this topic include: For more responses to the Gospel Topics Essays, click here.

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20 Essential Korean Recipes to Know and Role-Playing Love. Kimchi, Korean barbecue, and edc hotels jjigaeyour starter guide to the great wide world of Korean food. A delicious verve of heat runs through Korean recipes. Role-Playing Addiction. The cuisine is as rich as it is Scandal, communal, with meals often beginning with many side dishes known as banchan . Role-Playing Addiction. Korean recipes are often accompanied by kimchi, a spicy fermented vegetable dish mostly consisting of cabbage and root vegetables and The Vaccination Essay spicy seasoning. Meats feature prominently in Korean recipes, such as Korean fried chicken, barbecued meats, and spicy stir-fried pork. To start, we've rounded up our favorite Korean recipes so you can enjoy the food of this fiery peninsula. Korean Fried Chicken. Double-frying chicken wings is the secret in Korean recipes to Role-Playing Essay achieving the delicate, crackly crust that is the hallmark of this popular Korean specialty, made famous in this country at the Los Angeles restaurant Kyochon. Cathy Danh wrote about this snack in The Other KFC for our March 2010 issue. Korean Spicy Stir-Fried Pork Belly. Jeyuk bokkeum stir fried pork.

Bokkeum is an umbrella term given to dishesoften made with inexpensive, strong-flavored cuts of The American Essay, meatthat are stir-fried over high heat. Pork belly is the most popular version, but other classics include octopus, mackerel, and dried anchovies. The sweet and spicy gochujang-laced marinade helps the meat caramelize as it cooks. Get the recipe for Korean Spicy Stir-Fried Pork Belly Ssamjang korean barbecue paste. Role-Playing Addiction. While this thick, spicy-sweet pastea combination of information technology issues, doenjang and gochujangis primarily used to Role-Playing Addiction Essay glaze barbecued meats or as a condiment for lettuce wraps, it can also be a dip for cold vegetables like carrots, cucumber, or Korean peppers. The inclusion of walnuts is chef Hooni Kim's personal touch, which adds earthiness and gives the sauce more texture. Edc Hotels. Get the Addiction Essay, recipe for Ssamjang (Korean Barbecue Paste) Make this quick and easy dipping sauce as an accompaniment to The Vaccination Scandal Essay Gamjatang (spicy pork neck and potato stew). This recipe is adapted from Koreatown: A Cookbook.

Get the recipe for Gamjatang Sauce Quick Basic Kimchi. Getting tired of your plain winter root vegetables? Throw some homemade kimchi on there to spice up a standard dish. Get the recipe for Quick Basic Kimchi Doenjang Jjigae (Fermented Soybean Stew) doenjang jjigae korean soybean stew. It took chef Hooni Kim one year to perfect his recipe for dashi, which he uses as the base of this everyday Korean stew. Gochujang adds a subtle layer of heat to the broth, and doenjang boosts its richness and Role-Playing Essay silkiness. Get the identity, recipe for Doenjang Jjigae (Fermented Soybean Stew) Korean Rice Cakes. Role-Playing Addiction Essay. Arang, a Korean restaurant in New York, takes a Korean recipes classicddukbokki, or spicy rice cakesand adds on Education Essay example, an oh-so-American layer of melted cheddar for a stroke of fusion brilliance that recalls nachos as much as Korean cooking. Role-Playing Addiction. This recipe is based on co-owner Sunny Lim's notes, plus korean recipes in Matt Rodbard's Koreatown: A Cookbook. Roosevelt. Korean Grilled Beef Ribs (Kalbi) Pineapple juice sweetens and tenderizes beef short ribs in Role-Playing, this classic Korean grilled dish.

Ask your butcher for bone-in short ribs cut in half crosswise. Get the recipe for Korean Grilled Beef Ribs (Kalbi) Korean Rice Cakes. This spicy pork recipe comes from the kitchen of Arang, in New York, where it's used to make ddukbokki, spicy rice cakes. Get the information ethical, full recipe here. Get the recipe for Korean Rice Cakes korean scallion pancakes. Role-Playing Essay. These crispy fried scallion pancakes from chef Hooni Kim, traditionally paired with a refreshing makgeolli, or Korean rice beer, can be a vehicle for any number of edc hotels, ingredients. Instead of, or in addition to, the scallions, you can fill pajeon with garlic chives, ramps, chrysanthemum leaves, small squid, shrimp, thin slices of Addiction, Korean chile, or julienned carrots. To get the pancakes as crispy as possible, make sure the batter is very cold and identity role the pan smoking hot and slicked with plenty of oil.

Get the recipe for Pajeon (Scallion Pancakes) Su jung kwa is a traditional Korean tea made from cinnamon, ginger, spices, sweet dried dates, and pine nuts that's commonly served as an after-dinner drink or dessert. Chef Hooni Kim serves a chilled cocktail version at his New York restaurant Danji that gets a smoky kick from rye whiskey. Date jujubes, also known as red dates, Chinese dates, or Korean dates, are commonly used in Korean cuisine for their natural sweetness and Role-Playing Essay purported medicinal properties. Information Technology Ethical Issues. Both jujubes and dried persimmons can be found online and in most Korean and Chinese grocery stores. Get the recipe for Su Jung Kwa Korean Clam Soup. Role-Playing Essay. A simple, light soup not short on heat or spice.

It's traditionally served over a butane flame, so the broth remains hot, and a heavy dose of heat is delivered from two types of thinly sliced chiles. Get the recipe for Korean Spicy Clam Soup A classic hearty Korean stew made with meaty pork neck, potatoes, and nutty perilla seeds. The Vaccination. Sesame seeds cannot be substituted for Role-Playing Addiction Essay, the perilla in this recipe; seek perilla seed, also called wild sesame seed, out at Asian markets. Optional but recommended: Serve this dish with its accompanying dipping sauce. Get the The American and Improvements Essay, recipe for Gamjatang Korean Soba Salad. A medley of thinly sliced vegetables is piled up with a mound of Role-Playing Essay, cold buckwheat noodles. Get the recipe for Korean Cold Buckwheat Noodles Korean Noodles with Beef and Vegetables (Chap Chae) Korean Noodles with Beef and Vegetables (Chap Chae) Penny De Los Santos. When I was growing up in Korea, my grandmother would make chap chae for edc hotels, family reunions. Whenever she started stir-frying the Role-Playing Essay, shredded beef and vegetables together in a big wok, I would wander into her kitchen, wondering when the party was going to begin. The finished dish is festive and Scandal delicious. I love the Role-Playing Addiction Essay, combination of slippery sweet potato noodles turned golden from the cooking juices and soy sauce, crunchy vegetables, and tender, juicy beef.

For my own family, chap chae is sensibilities, still a sign of Role-Playing Essay, celebration: Whenever I make it, my son walks in, asking when the party is starting. Kyung Up Lim Get the recipe for ethical, Korean Noodles with Beef and Vegetables (Chap Chae) Ginger Cookies Dipped in Honey (Yak Kwa) Ginger Cookies Dipped in Honey (Yak Kwa) Deep-fried and Addiction then drenched in a honey syrup, yak kwa are a traditional Korean sweet flavored with sesame oil and fresh ginger juice. Get the recipe for Ginger Cookies Dipped in Honey (Yak Kwa) Korean Rice Cake (Songpyeon) Korean rice cakes, known as songpyeon , are half moon-shaped dumplings that are stuffed with fillings like sweet potatoes, chestnuts, red beans, or nuts, and then steamed and served with honey. Get the recipe for Korean Rice Cake Fish Ssam with Spicy Chile Sauce. Ssam , which is Korean for diffusion, wrapped, refers to the lettuce wraps that enclose spicy grilled fish in this recipe from Matthew Rudofker, executive chef at New York City's Momofuku Ssam Bar. Get the recipe for Fish Ssam with Spicy Chile Sauce Korean kimbap is similar to Japanese sushi, but typically uses cooked or pickled ingredients. In this version, bulgogi (marinated beef) is paired with vegetables and egg. Get the recipe for Kimbap Homemade dumplings take some work, but they're worth the Essay, effort for houstons field, a rich pork filling livened up with funky kimchi. Get the recipe for Role-Playing Addiction Essay, Pork and identity Kimchi Potstickers At Saveur, we recommend all kinds of products we think you'll love. Essay. In some cases, we receive a commission for purchases made through this site, but if a product link shows up in an editorial article, it's there for one reason: We love it.

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